Beiträge zur Übersetzungs- und Dolmetschwissenschaft (Köln/Germersheim)
Edited By Barbara Ahrens, Silvia Hansen-Schirra, Monika Krein-Kühle and Michael Schreiber
Sara Laviosa: Divergent and Convergent Similarity in Corpus Translation Studies
295 Sara Laviosa Divergent and Convergent Similarity in Corpus Translation Studies 1 Introduction The study of the process and product of translation through the use of corpora has grown considerably over the past fifteen years or so. It has given rise to a wide range of descriptive and applied investigations inspired on the one hand by the Firthian and neo-Firthian approaches to linguistics, and, on the other, by con- temporary descriptive approaches to translation, which emphasise “the need to test any theory against data and […] the need for theory to inform our approach to data and to explain them” (Malmkjær 2005: 32). This paper appraises the uni- formity and diversity of descriptive corpus studies of translation in terms of di- vergent similarity, as intended by Andrew Chesterman (1996, 2004a, 2007), namely the sum of relevant samenesses and differences among entities originat- ing from the same unity. The analysis focuses on the state of the art of research into translation universals, highlighting the interdisciplinary nature of current investigations and their contribution to the progress of the discipline as a whole. The general framework proposed by Chesterman for the similarity analysis of a translation profile is also used to introduce a study of Anglicisms whose aim is threefold: to unveil the translation-specific lexical primings of English loan words in the Italian language of business, finance and economics vis-à-vis the donor and the receptor language, and to infer the norms that govern the transla- tion of Anglicisms vis-à-vis original text...
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