On Cyber Threats and Information Warfare
Cyber terrorism. Electronic Jihad
The logic of terrorism is based on fear. It plays on the fear of unpredictable attacks; attacks that can take place anytime, hit sensitive targets and happen to all of us, without discrimination. Terrorism is about shocking people, making them feel powerless. The aim is for the common man to start ques- tioning the foundations of society and the state’s capacity to guarantee its citizens’ safety. For terrorists it is important that the operations are large-scale, with big effects, such as the attacks on September 11, 2001. They also have to be lethal and result in extensive media coverage. The latter is decisive – a condition both to make the political goals of the terrorists known and to demonstrate the strength of their organisations. Through advanced and co- ordinated attacks, a terrorist organisation can strike at a stronger enemy and preferably humiliate him. A successful operation can also be a fertile ground for recruitment of individuals and groups who are willing to sacri- fice themselves in the future. There are some similarities between terrorism and guerrilla warfare.103 Guerrilla wars are by definition asymmetric. One party has more resources than the other, a technological advantage etc. This forces the weaker party to use unconventional tactics and vary his behaviour depending on the situ- ation and conditions. It should be noted that asymmetric warfare is not necessarily the same thing as terrorism. However, terrorism can be used as a tactic by the weaker party in a conflict. Terrorism in cyberspace Cyber terrorism is...
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