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Knowledge Production in European Universities

States, Markets, and Academic Entrepreneurialism

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Marek Kwiek

The book studies transformations of European universities in the context of globalization and Europeanization, the questioning of the foundations of the «Golden Age» of the Keynesian welfare state, public sector reforms, demographic changes, the massification and diversification of higher education, and the emergence of knowledge economies. Such phenomena as academic entrepreneurialism and diversified channels of knowledge exchange in European universities are linked to transformations of the state and changes in public sector services. The first, contextual part of the book studies the changing state/university relationships, and the second, empirically-informed part draws from several recent large-scale comparative European research projects.

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Acknowledgments ....................................................................................... 11 Introduction: Changing Universities and Their Changing Environments .................... 15 PART I THE CHANGING STATE/UNIVERSITY RELATIONSHIPS IN EUROPE ................................................................................................. 33 Chapter 1 A Panoramic View: The Growing Complexity of the Academic Enterprise in Europe ................................................................................... 35 1.1. Introduction ........................................................................................... 35 1.2. Market mechanisms and new income-generating patterns ...................... 49 1.3. Conflicting demands, new stakeholders, and the teaching/research divide ........................................................... 62 1.4. Transforming institutions, transforming academics .............................. 82 1.5. Conclusions ......................................................................................... 100 Chapter 2 The University and the State in a Global Age. Renegotiating the Traditional Social Contract in Europe? ................... 107 2.1. Introduction ......................................................................................... 107 2.2. The Modern University and the Welfare State .................................... 117 2.3. The Modern University and the Modern Nation-State ........................ 136 2.4. Conclusions ......................................................................................... 147 Chapter 3 The University and the Welfare State in Transition: Changing Public Services in a Wider Context ....................................... 151 3.1. Introduction ......................................................................................... 151 3.2. The welfare state, globalization, and the public investment in higher education .............................................................................. 152 3.3. Globalization and the public sector ..................................................... 164 3.4. The state’s fiscal condition and competitors to higher education ....... 171 3.5. Welfare state reforms, higher education reforms, and the privatization of public services in transition countries ........................ 177 3.6. Conclusions ......................................................................................... 186 8 Content Chapter 4 Reforming Higher Education and Expanding the Regional Mission in the Contexts of the Postcommunist Transition, Accession, and Beyond .... 191 4.1. Introduction ......................................................................................... 191 4.2. Transnational actors and international agendas .................................. 197 4.3. The institutional change and the stylized visions of the university ....................................................................................... 205 4.4. The demand-absorbing growth and the demography-driven decline? ...... 215 4.5. Knowledge production in Central European universities ................... 226 4.6. The regional mission of the university. The case...

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