Edited By Wolfgang Georg Arlt
The Evolution of the Chinese Tourist Mobility in France. Benjamin Taunay
The Evolution of the Chinese Tourist Mobility in France Benjamin Taunay Summary Chinese international tourism has been continually spreading across France since the country obtained the status of “Authorised Tourist Destination” (ADS) in 2004. Whilst only the city of Paris was visited at the opening of the Chinese market, new places and sites are now frequented, sometimes taking precedence over the capital. For some “repeaters”, Chinese tourists returning to France after a first visit, France has become the “single destination” and no longer just one stop on a grand European tour. This “repeaters” phenomenon highlights the evolution of the mobility of Chinese tourists and raises the issue of tourist skills development. Key words: Chinese international tourism, mobility system, tourist skill development, tourist practices 1 Introduction There are growing numbers of Chinese tourists travelling the world, but this is only a recent phenomenon. Apart from the mobility of dignitaries of the Chinese Communist Party (PCC), few people were travelling on a temporary basis outside of the People’s Republic of China prior to the “open door” policy, set up in early 1980. However, even until the late 1990s, only those who were travelling on business or participating in official delegations (often funded by the government or a state enterprise) could then be “tourists”, and even then their travelling could only occur within very strict limits, set by the government. However, with the economic boom of the late 20th century, the Chinese government has liberalised the practice of outbound tourism (Verhelst, 2003). At...
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