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The Emergence of Developmental States from a New Institutionalist Perspective

A Comparative Analysis of East Asia and Central Asia


Manuel Stark

This book addresses the relevance of institutional arrangements in East Asian developmental states for the Central Asian countries. It is argued that the Central Asian transition countries share crucial similarities with the economies of East Asia. By a detailed analysis of historical developments in Northeast and Southeast Asia, a coherent and comprehensive model of the developmental state on the basis of the New Institutional Economics is developed in this book. This model is applied to Central Asia by a comparative study on the basis of semi-structured interviews that were carried out in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. Both Central Asian countries show notable similarities but also crucial differences to the East Asian developmental states.


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77 5 Institutions and policies of developmental states: a comparative analysis 5.1 Methodology and objectives of the case studies Part II of this study consists of several case studies that serve two essential ob- jectives. The first objective is to analyze which conditions were responsible for the emergence of developmental states in East Asia from the theoretical perspec- tive that was outlined in Section 2 based on the Northian NIE. The emergence of a developmental state is the result of the process of institutional change, which is therefore the primary focus of the following sections. The second objective is to add new insights to research on the question of which institutional characteris- tics distinguished the East Asian developmental states from other, economically less successful states. In order to gain a comprehensive picture of the institu- tional arrangements in East Asia, all countries that the World Bank considers high-performing Asian economies will be taken into account, with the exception of Hong Kong that followed very liberal economic policies by international standards. The focus of the analysis will be on the countries that are considered to be the clearest examples of developmental states and that started their eco- nomic catch-up earliest: Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. The developmental city-state of Singapore will also be analyzed in some detail, whereas only some aspects of the economic history of Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia will be taken into account. This is due to the fact that these countries showed only some of the characteristics of...

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