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Regionale wirtschaftliche Integration und die Europäische Union

Eine Untersuchung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Stabilisierungs- und Assoziierungsabkommen mit den Staaten des westlichen Balkans

Series:

Tobias Wagner

Der regionalen wirtschaftlichen Integration kommt in der Europäischen Union ein besonders hoher Stellenwert zu. Die EU selbst gilt als Musterbeispiel einer regionalen Integrationszone. Aber auch in ihren Außenbeziehungen ist sie treibende Kraft beim Abschluss von regionalen Handelsabkommen. Diese Arbeit betrachtet deshalb das internationale Phänomen der regionalen wirtschaftlichen Integration aus einer primär europäischen Perspektive. Es stellt sich etwa die Frage nach den Vertragsschlusskompetenzen der EU im Verhältnis zu den Mitgliedstaaten. Des Weiteren behandelt die Arbeit die Einbeziehung nichtökonomischer Bestimmungen in regionale Handelsabkommen der EU. Als Beispiel aktueller Integrationsbestrebungen werden die Beziehungen der Union zu den Staaten des westlichen Balkans untersucht.

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Zusammenfassung in englischer Sprache /English summary

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275 Zusammenfassung in englischer Sprache / English summary Introduction Regional economic integration is not solely a phenomenon of recent history. However, within the last two decades it has experienced rapid growth and modi- fication. While only 124 Regional Trade Agreements were notified between 1948 and 1994, currently 393 such agreements have been notified with the WTO. The term regional economic integration describes economic cooperation, coordination and preferential treatment within a limited circle of participants while maintaining barriers to trade vis-à-vis partners outside this circle of inte- gration. Despite other possible interpretations, this thesis exclusively deals with international agreements which at least grant tariff preferences. These agree- ments are predominantly referred to as Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) or Preferential Agreements. Part 1: The basic principles of regional economic integration The development of regional arrangements on trade goes back to the early 19th century. The second peak phase of regional economic integration did not start until after the Second World War. Finally, the beginning of the most recent gen- eration of RTAs can be determined in the early 1990s. The content of the agreements has evolved. In particular, the reduction of tariffs progressively loses its significance. There are manifold reasons for concluding RTAs. Besides political motiva- tions aiming at the formation of a stable and peaceful environment, the use of trade preferences plays a distinguished role in the context of development aid. Furthermore, the pursuit of regional approaches is to be seen in connection with the stagnating development of the world...

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