Edited By Abdulkadir Develi and Selahattin Kaynak
Renewable Energy, Turkey and the World
Yusuf Bayraktutan, Sefer Ucak and Selahattin Kaynak Introduction The word energy originates from the Ancient Greek expression “energia”, meaning “doing or being something”. From this point of view, the first modern physics used the word energy for the ability of doing something1. Energy has evolved into a compulsory input, not only of industry but also of economic and social life. For this reason, the total energy consumed by human beings is constantly increasing, and environmental values are being severely affected by the increasing consump- tion of fossil fuels. Reduction in the reserves of fossil fuels, such as, mainly, coal, oil and natural gas, and the environmental problems caused by the energy obtained from these sources generate a need for alternative energy sources. This study addresses the strategic importance of energy, and the increasing role of alternative energy sources for the world and Turkey. 1. Energy Consumption and Renewable Energy Requirements Energy is a strategically important input. The countries that own energy sources have an impact on other countries by controlling price and the amount of produc- tion. It is a widely accepted observation that there has been an increase in world energy demand, energy prices, and in parallel, the search for alternative energy since the 1960s. Between the years 1980-2007, the consumption of renewable energy sources increased by 8.2% while world energy demand increased by nearly 2.3%2. It is expected that most of the world energy demand will be met from developing countries, and the share of non-renewable energy sources...
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