German Travel Writers’ Narratives on Ireland from Before the 1798 Rising to After the Great Famine- Texts Edited, Translated and Annotated by Eoin Bourke
29 Reinhold Pauli (1860)
In Martin Müller’s opinion, Reinhold Pauli (1823-1882), like Knut J. Clement, belonged to that group of German scholars who subscribed to the idea of Anglo-Saxon superiority over Celtic races. “Clement”, he says, believed that the inherent Irish insidiousness can be even spotted by their way of walking, and Pauli followed the idea of Robert Knox (1850) when he notes that the quality of the Celtic race is not good enough for the development of a high civilization. For both, Clement and Pauli, who were strict Protestants, not only the race was responsible for the economic stagnation, but the Catholic Church. Following their attitudes, the “popish” religion reinforces a dull and ignorant mind as well as a lack of drive. (Müller, 4) But Pauli, though an Anglophile, was not as extreme as Clement and expressly ascribed many of Ireland’s problems to the belatedness of Catholic Emancipa- tion. His main interest in life became English history when he began studying history under Leopold von Ranke in Berlin and took up a post in 1847 as house tutor in a well-to-do household in Glasgow. In all he spent eight years living in the United Kingdom, six of them in Edinburgh, Oxford, Cambridge and two years as the private secretary of the Prussian ambassador in his residence in Carlton Terrace, London, where he came into contact with prominent figures of the British political and literary elites. He wrote extensively on English history while lecturing at the universities of Bonn, Tübingen, Marburg...
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