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Socio-Economic Constitutional Rights in Democratisation Processes

An Account of the Constitutional Dialogue Theory

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Anna Jaron

Is constitutional jurisprudence on socio-economic rights a threat to democracies? How powerful are constitutional courts in this field? Is it possible to restrain judicial activism in socio-economic adjudication? Through reference to constitutional dialogue theory, this book shows constitutional adjudication in socio-economic matters through the lenses of constitutional pluralism and intra-institutional deliberation. The experiences of nascent Central-Eastern European democracies which have undergone democratic changes in early 90ies of the 20th century are particularly interesting as a case study. The example of Polish, Czech and Slovak constitutional acquis are used to encourage the mechanisms that legitimize the role of constitutional courts in the field of socio-economic adjudication.

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Table of Contents

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Introduction .........................................................................................................15 PART I THE NATURE OF CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC RIGHTS ..............................................................................................................21 Chapter 1 Characteristics of Socio-Economic Rights..........................................................23 1.1 Approaching Socio-Economic Rights ..........................................................23 1.1.1 Scope of Socio-Economic Rights ........................................................26 1.1.2 Internal Components............................................................................30 1.2 Nature of Socio-Economic Rights ................................................................32 1.2.1 Legal Aspects.......................................................................................32 1.2.2 Political Dimension .............................................................................36 1.2.3 Economic Reasons...............................................................................38 1.2.4 Moral Justifications .............................................................................39 Chapter 2 Is There a Need for Socio-Economic Rights Constitutionalisation? ..................40 2.1 Are Socio-Economic Rights and Constitutions Compatible at All?.............41 2.2 Justiciability of Constitutional Rights and Constitutional Duties.................43 2.3 Characteristic of Constitutional Social Rights and Freedoms – post-transitional example...........................................................................48 2.3.1 Claim rights v. capability rights...........................................................49 2.3.2 Social rights as fundamental rights......................................................50 2.3.3 Enforceability of social rights..............................................................53 2.3.4 Limitations to social constitutional rights............................................54 2.3.5 Essence of social rights and axiology of the Constitution...................57 12 Table of Contents PART II SOCIO-ECONOMIC RIGHTS’ CONSTITUTIONALISATION IN POLAND, THE CZECH REPUBLIC AND SLOVAKIA .................................61 Chapter 3 Constitutional Debates: Similarities and Differences .........................................63 3.1 Socio-Economic Rights Debated..................................................................64 3.1.1 Who?- Composition and Role of Political Elites in Constitution Drafting ..........................................................................65 3.1.2 When and How?- Time and Length of Constitutional Debates...........70 3.1.3 Where and Where From?- Structure and Reference to the Constitutional Text....................................................................72 3.1.4 What did we come with?- Results of Constitutional Debates .............75 3.2 Placing Limits on Socio-Economic Constitutional Rights............................78 3.3 Constitutional Mechanisms of Enforcement of Socio-Economic Rights ................................................................................83 3.3.1 Leading/Prevailing Role of Constitutional Courts ..............................83 3.3.2 Ombudsmen- Bringing Constitution Closer to the Individual.............84 3.3.3 Other Constitutional Bodies- Special Control Actors .........................90 Chapter 4 Substantial Change in The Meaning of...

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