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The Phenomenon of Globalization

A Collection of Interdisciplinary Globalization Research Essays

Philipp Strobl and Manfred Kohler

The term globalization arouses different feelings. Some people regard it with fear; others consider it the incarnation of a new time – a time when the relations between different cultures and parts of the world intensify increasingly. Consequently, the term is not only used to explain highly diverse phenomena but also to shed light on the alleged darkness of a world in change. In this collective volume, scientists from different academic disciplines and regions of the world wanted to make available their perceptions of this ample term to a broader audience. Twenty contributions comprising nine academic disciplines depict the process of the growing together of the world via different approaches. Apart from the contributions from historians, the reader will find articles from the fields of philosophy, architecture, economics, sociology, political science, journalism, anthropology, and law. This is to offer the reader a small insight into the variety of research about globalization and may contribute to a better understanding of this phenomenon that is treated differently in diverse academic disciplines and different parts of the world.

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Part Two. Functioning and Understanding

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Part Two Functioning and Understanding (Un) Free flowing: Globalization and its relation with the phenomenon of migration Lucía Alicia Aguerre 1. Introduction There are different ways of understanding the phenomenon of globalization. Contributions of many authors in this complex topic show different levels of approach: the "hard facts" level of the globalization of markets and finance, that is globalization from an economic perspective; the impact of globalization re- garding to the symbolic different forms of life, that is globalization from a cul- tural perspective; the ideological level of the discourse of globalization, which refers to the use and manipulation that is made of their "facts"; the level re- lated with population mobility, that is globalization and its relationship to migra- tion; and the so-called "globalization from below" or "insurgent cosmopolitan- ism", that is a kind of counter-hegemonic globalization embodied by the social movements of resistance against the unequal terms of trade. This contribution aims to address the phenomenon of globalization from the perspective of migration in order to make visible the tension between the dis- course of globalization as a new free flowing space and the restrictions of the free flow of migrants in terms of legality and inclusion. This tension can be un- derstood as a contradiction between free and unfree flows that are present in the definition of globalization. Attending relevant theories this paper will consider the specific role that migration plays in the logic of neoliberal globalization in order to make the phenomenon more tangible from...

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