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The Phenomenon of Globalization

A Collection of Interdisciplinary Globalization Research Essays

Edited By Philipp Strobl and Manfred Kohler

The term globalization arouses different feelings. Some people regard it with fear; others consider it the incarnation of a new time – a time when the relations between different cultures and parts of the world intensify increasingly. Consequently, the term is not only used to explain highly diverse phenomena but also to shed light on the alleged darkness of a world in change. In this collective volume, scientists from different academic disciplines and regions of the world wanted to make available their perceptions of this ample term to a broader audience. Twenty contributions comprising nine academic disciplines depict the process of the growing together of the world via different approaches. Apart from the contributions from historians, the reader will find articles from the fields of philosophy, architecture, economics, sociology, political science, journalism, anthropology, and law. This is to offer the reader a small insight into the variety of research about globalization and may contribute to a better understanding of this phenomenon that is treated differently in diverse academic disciplines and different parts of the world.

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Part Three. Case Studies

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Part Three Case Studies The Role of Globalization in the Process of Singlezation Ana Tajder One phenomena of our postmodern society is the continuously increasing num- ber of people choosing to live alone, outside of a long-term partnership - a proc- ess I have named singlezation. As American sociologist Eric Klinenberg noted in his interview for PBS Newshour on 27 March 2012, “this is the biggest social change of the last 50 or 60 years that we have failed to name or identify.” Ac- cording to him, while in 1950, 22 percent of American adults were single, today this number has risen to more than 50 percent. The marriage rate in the EU-27 declined from 7.9 marriages per 1,000 inhabitants in 1970 to 4.5 marriages in 2009, an overall reduction of 34 %. In the same time, the divorce rate doubled from 1.0 divorce per 1,000 inhabitants in 1970 to 2.0 divorces by 20081. The same trend is so obvious in Asia that The Economist of 20 August 2011 featured a title page with a story named, “The Flight From Marriage”. There are many questions to be answered when analysing this new process: Where does this phenomenon come from? Is it connected to other aspects of so- cial change such as modernisation, globalization, individualization and mediali- zation? Is it a by-product of postmodern capitalism? What role do media play in this process? I am trying to find the answers to these questions, and more, in my dissertation, “Singles...

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