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The Relationship between Mariology and Ecclesiology in the Theological Thinking of John Paul II

Ngah Andrew Kushu-Solii

This work treats of the Phenomenology of Mary and the Church as persons of faith in relation to the Wojtilian phenomenology of the human being as an acting person. According to John Paul II, Mary is an ideal person in/for the Church, and the Church, as a personal communion, has Her as a mirror and concrete evidence of the Church’s call, being and mission. As far as the vocation of the Church is concerned, it will always be far from complete if it is studied, proclaimed or believed in without placing Mary as part of the unavoidable persons and personality in its unfolding. Mary and the Church are related in the mystery of the Church as personal subjects of faith. They owe their being and vocation to the Trinity and have a direct connection with Judaism. Christ is the centre of this relationship and this goes on to highlight ecumenism and also the place of the laity and women in the life of the Church.

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CHAPTER ONE - THE INFLUENCES ON THE THEOLOGICAL THOUGHT OF KAROL WOJTYLA BEFORE THE SECOND VATICAN COUNCIL

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1.1 Biographical notes on Karol Wojtyla Karol Józef Wojtyla was born in Wadowice, a small city 35 miles Southwest of Krakow, on May 18, 1920. The second of two sons born to Karol Wojtyla and Emilia Kaczorowska, his small family would not live long together. His mother died in 1929, his brother Edmund, a medical doctor, died in 1932 and his father, a non-commissioned army officer, died in 1941. He made his First Holy Com- munion at the age of 9, and was confirmed at 18. Upon graduation from high school in Wadowice in 1938, he and his father moved to Krakow12 where Karol entered the Jagiellonian University to study literature and philosophy. The Nazi occupation forces closed the Jagiellonian university in 1939, and young Karol had to work in a quarry, and then in the Solvay chemical factory to earn his living and to avoid being deported to Germany. In 1942, aware of his call to the priesthood, he began courses in the clandestine seminary of Krakow, run by Cardinal Adam Stefan Sapieha, archbishop of Krakow. Commenting on this experience, Weigel observes that “....In that experience was formed a heroic image of the priest and bishop as a defender of the rights of the human person in this very talented young man who would become John Paul II.”13 At the same time, Karol Wojtyla was one of the pioneers of the "Rhapsodic Theatre," also clandestine. After the Second World War, he continued his studies in the major...

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