CHAPTER ONE - THE INFLUENCES ON THE THEOLOGICAL THOUGHT OF KAROL WOJTYLA BEFORE THE SECOND VATICAN COUNCIL
1.1 Biographical notes on Karol Wojtyla Karol Józef Wojtyla was born in Wadowice, a small city 35 miles Southwest of Krakow, on May 18, 1920. The second of two sons born to Karol Wojtyla and Emilia Kaczorowska, his small family would not live long together. His mother died in 1929, his brother Edmund, a medical doctor, died in 1932 and his father, a non-commissioned army officer, died in 1941. He made his First Holy Com- munion at the age of 9, and was confirmed at 18. Upon graduation from high school in Wadowice in 1938, he and his father moved to Krakow12 where Karol entered the Jagiellonian University to study literature and philosophy. The Nazi occupation forces closed the Jagiellonian university in 1939, and young Karol had to work in a quarry, and then in the Solvay chemical factory to earn his living and to avoid being deported to Germany. In 1942, aware of his call to the priesthood, he began courses in the clandestine seminary of Krakow, run by Cardinal Adam Stefan Sapieha, archbishop of Krakow. Commenting on this experience, Weigel observes that “....In that experience was formed a heroic image of the priest and bishop as a defender of the rights of the human person in this very talented young man who would become John Paul II.”13 At the same time, Karol Wojtyla was one of the pioneers of the "Rhapsodic Theatre," also clandestine. After the Second World War, he continued his studies in the major...
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