Language-Internal and Typological Approaches to Linguistic Reconstruction
6. Noun Morphology
Ekaitz Santazilia (Public University of Navarre, UPNA/NUP / University of the Basque Country, UPV/EHU) 6.1. Introduction* This chapter deals with the functioning and grammaticalization of the Basque case system, including the marking of determination and number in the noun phrase. First, I present a synchronic description of that system, and later I ana- lyze the data from a diachronic perspective, summarizing the different hypothe- ses proposed by Bascologists, adding to these the latest contributions, and giving an account of the most recent avenues for research. 6.2. Description of today’s Basque noun declension system The Basque noun phrase presents a canonical structure which can be linearly represented in the way shown in Figure 6.1.1 Det.1 Noun Adjective Det.2 Number Case2 Figure 6.1. Canonical structure of the Basque NP As can be observed in (1a), it is the whole noun phrase that is marked for number and case in Basque, the morpheme being attached to the end of the * I wish to thank Maider Bedaxagar, Iván Igartua, Joseba Lakarra, Mikel Martínez-Areta and Patxi Salaberri-Zaratiegi for their interesting comments on previous versions of this work, and Mikel Martínez-Areta for translating the text. The work has been carried out thanks to the Grants for the Training of Researchers funded by the Basque Government (BFI-2010-221), to the Basque Government’s consolidated research group “Historia de la Lengua Vasca y Lingüística Histórico-Comparada” (HLMV-LHC), Ref. GIC 10/83, IT 486-10, and to the Formation and Research Unit LingTeDi (UFI11/14) of the UPV/EHU. 1 In...
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