Quels sont les défis culturels de la migration au Canada dans le contexte du « glocal » ? Peut-on observer dans certains domaines la genèse d’une culture issue du développement des phénomènes migratoires, et qui prendrait la place qui lui revient dans un monde global lié à la société des savoirs ? Les textes publiés ici fourniront des réponses à ces questions en se référant non seulement aux sciences sociales mais aussi à la métahistoire, à l’histoire, à la littérature et aux questions liées à l’utilisation de la langue.
(META)-HISTORY *** (MÉTA)-HISTOIRE One Identity or Many? The Promise and Challenge of Multi-Canada Dirk Hoerder (Arizona State University, Tempe) I have argued in Creating Societies (1999) that immigrants from the 19th century to the present made Canada both as a structured state and an identification- providing society by forming local communities, cultivating land, building towns and cities and creating a web of transportation and communication con- nections. One single “Canada” – Anglo or French – was not immediately present in their Prairie settlements or bordered urban neighbourhoods. For their life pro- jects men and women established connections to markets to sell their labour or their produce and networks of cooperation to satisfy their need for information, mutual help, spiritual comfort, and material-emotional well-being. Such self- and collectively created embeddedness and belonging coalesced into an identifi- cation with “Canada”, usually in a regional variant, but not an essentialist na- tional identity. This absence of a right-or-wrong-my-country chauvinism – sometimes decried as lack of a “Canadian identity” – permitted the federal state’s and the society’s openness and flexibility to incorporate ever new mi- grants and cultures.1 Newcomers arrived and arrive at places, endow them with meaning, turn a rural, urban, or metropolitan place into a space and a land-scape into their socio- scape. Such processes are similar for residents, who are never essentialized un- changeable Canadians but also grow up in networks, in the context of changing demographies, whether number of children in a family or death of a spouse, of economic change, and...
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