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Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages- Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas


Edited By Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre and Carmen Fernández Juncal

This volume commemorates the 20 th anniversary of Michael Clyne’s seminal volume «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries» published in 1992. The main focus of this volume is the exploration of linguistic standards in non-dominant varieties and the discovery of the ways in which different language communities of non-dominant varieties reconcile their wish to express their national, social and personal identity via language with their desire to adhere to a common language. Another central focus is the way in which the norms of languages, and in particular those of non-dominant varieties of pluricentric languages, can be standardized or how given standards can be changed. The papers show that the state of standardization in pluricentric languages may differ strongly from language to language and also differ between varieties of the same language.
El libro conmemora el vigésimo aniversario del influyente volumen publicado por Michael Clyne en 1992, «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries». El objetivo principal consiste en «explorar estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes» e indagar cómo las diferentes comunidades lingüísticas reconcilian la pretensión de expresar su propia identidad nacional, social y personal a través del lenguaje con su mismo deseo de adherencia a una lengua común. Otra cuestión central atiende a la manera en que las normas lingüísticas y, en particular, las normas de las variedades lingüísticas de lenguas pluricéntricas pueden convertirse en estándares o cómo los estándares establecidos pueden ser modificados. Los diversos artículos muestran que la situación y el grado de estandarización en las diversas lenguas pluricéntricas pueden diferir en gran manera entre las distintas lenguas y entre variedades diferentes de una misma lengua.


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Augusto SOARES DA SILVA: El pluricentrismo del portugués: aspectos generalesy elementos del enfoque sociolectométrico


In: Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre, Carmen Fernández, Klaus Zimmermann, Emilio Prieto, Natividad Hernández (eds.) (2013): Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages / Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 79-90. Augusto SOARES DA SILVA (Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Braga, Portugal) El pluricentrismo del portugués: aspectos generales y elementos del enfoque sociolectométrico1 Abstract This paper briefly examines the status of Portuguese as a pluricentric lan- guage and gives an account of the most relevant results obtained from a socio-cognitive and socio-lectometric approach to the two main varieties of Portuguese, namely European and Brazilian Portuguese. According to the tenets of Cognitive Sociolinguistics and thanks to the use of advanced socio-lectometry, I have found lexical, syntactic and attitudinal features that underpin the divergence between both varieties that has been noted over the past 60 years, and suggest the existence of a symmetric pluricen- tric language. The study focuses on onomasiological variation of denota- tional synonyms (lexical and syntactic), that is, alternative terms and con- structions with the same meaning or function, but sociolinguistically or stylistically different. The results show that the analysis of alternative lexi- cal and constructional expressions caters for a more refined study of the convergence / divergence of language varieties, as well as of the possible differences of social stratification. 1. El portugués como lengua pluricéntrica Con textos escritos desde la fundación de...

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