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Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages- Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas

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Edited By Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre and Carmen Fernández Juncal

This volume commemorates the 20 th anniversary of Michael Clyne’s seminal volume «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries» published in 1992. The main focus of this volume is the exploration of linguistic standards in non-dominant varieties and the discovery of the ways in which different language communities of non-dominant varieties reconcile their wish to express their national, social and personal identity via language with their desire to adhere to a common language. Another central focus is the way in which the norms of languages, and in particular those of non-dominant varieties of pluricentric languages, can be standardized or how given standards can be changed. The papers show that the state of standardization in pluricentric languages may differ strongly from language to language and also differ between varieties of the same language.
El libro conmemora el vigésimo aniversario del influyente volumen publicado por Michael Clyne en 1992, «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries». El objetivo principal consiste en «explorar estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes» e indagar cómo las diferentes comunidades lingüísticas reconcilian la pretensión de expresar su propia identidad nacional, social y personal a través del lenguaje con su mismo deseo de adherencia a una lengua común. Otra cuestión central atiende a la manera en que las normas lingüísticas y, en particular, las normas de las variedades lingüísticas de lenguas pluricéntricas pueden convertirse en estándares o cómo los estándares establecidos pueden ser modificados. Los diversos artículos muestran que la situación y el grado de estandarización en las diversas lenguas pluricéntricas pueden diferir en gran manera entre las distintas lenguas y entre variedades diferentes de una misma lengua.

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Zeinab IBRAHIM and Andreas KARATSOLIS: Excluding Speakers of the Dominating Variety: The Cases of Greek and Arabic

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In: Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre, Carmen Fernández Juncal, Klaus Zimmermann, Emilio Prieto, Natividad Hernández (eds.) (2013): Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages / Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 131-144. Zeinab IBRAHIM and Andreas KARATSOLIS (Carnegie Mellon University, Qatar) zeinab@qatar.cmu.edu / akaratsl@qatar.cmu.edu Excluding Speakers of the Dominating Variety: The Cases of Greek and Arabic Abstract Within Ferguson’s classical diglossia framework, which stipulates that the two varieties belong to the same language, both Greek and Arabic are diglossic. Usually, dominating varieties are privileged over non-dominating ones. However, this is not true in all contexts. In this paper, we present two cases of educational programs, one for Greek and one for Arabic, in which decisions related to the choice of variety (dominating or non-dominating) were impacted by the context and people’s language attitudes. We argue that despite the commonly held view that the choice of linguistic forms is critical for developing language-learning pedagogy, rhetorical considerations (audience, purpose and context) can largely determine a learning environment’s appeal. In the Greek case, the considerations behind a technology based language learning platform, Hellas Alive, are presented, whereas in the Arabic one, two versions of the Arabic Television program Open Sesame and Sesame World (the equivalent to Sesame Street in the United States) are analysed. 1. Introduction The issue of diglossia has been of great interest to several linguists and sociologists over the...

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