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Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages- Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas

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Edited By Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre and Carmen Fernández Juncal

This volume commemorates the 20 th anniversary of Michael Clyne’s seminal volume «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries» published in 1992. The main focus of this volume is the exploration of linguistic standards in non-dominant varieties and the discovery of the ways in which different language communities of non-dominant varieties reconcile their wish to express their national, social and personal identity via language with their desire to adhere to a common language. Another central focus is the way in which the norms of languages, and in particular those of non-dominant varieties of pluricentric languages, can be standardized or how given standards can be changed. The papers show that the state of standardization in pluricentric languages may differ strongly from language to language and also differ between varieties of the same language.
El libro conmemora el vigésimo aniversario del influyente volumen publicado por Michael Clyne en 1992, «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries». El objetivo principal consiste en «explorar estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes» e indagar cómo las diferentes comunidades lingüísticas reconcilian la pretensión de expresar su propia identidad nacional, social y personal a través del lenguaje con su mismo deseo de adherencia a una lengua común. Otra cuestión central atiende a la manera en que las normas lingüísticas y, en particular, las normas de las variedades lingüísticas de lenguas pluricéntricas pueden convertirse en estándares o cómo los estándares establecidos pueden ser modificados. Los diversos artículos muestran que la situación y el grado de estandarización en las diversas lenguas pluricéntricas pueden diferir en gran manera entre las distintas lenguas y entre variedades diferentes de una misma lengua.

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Kelen Ernesta FONYUY: Correlating phonetic patterns to stereotypes in Cameroon English: The outcomes

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In: Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre, Carmen Fernández Juncal, Klaus Zimmermann, Emilio Prieto, Natividad Hernández (eds.) (2013): Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages / Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 245-258. Kelen Ernesta FONYUY (Bamenda, Cameroon) efkelen@yahoo.com Correlating phonetic patterns to stereotypes in Cameroon English: The outcomes Abstract From a sociolinguistic perspective, this paper presents Cameroonians’ shared practice of correlating accents to social or regional stereotypes, the motivations behind the practice, and the emerging intra-national varieties of spoken Cameroon English (CamE). The methodology integrates a folkloristic approach (Preston 2002), the dynamic model (Schneider 2007), the classic language attitude research model (Shuy and Williams 1973), and the speech style evaluation model (Ryan, Giles and Sebastian (eds.) (1982). Findings proof firstly that the correlation of linguistic patterns to stereotypes have highlighted the intra-national varieties of spoken English in Cameroon. These varieties could be classified into ethnic English (EnE), CamE, CamE with a British English RP or American English tinge (CamBrE / CamAmE), and CamE with French influence (CamFranE). Secondly, it underlines some sociolinguistic forces influencing this correlation practice. These forces include overgeneralisation; multiglossia in CamE pronunciation; the Cameroon Francophone-Anglophone sociolinguistic divide; and the claimed ownership of English in postcolonial spaces. It could be concluded that the correlation practice is more of a perceptual than a linguistic process, and the four main patterns of English could be yardsticks for reclassifying spoken English...

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