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Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages- Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas

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Edited By Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre and Carmen Fernández Juncal

This volume commemorates the 20 th anniversary of Michael Clyne’s seminal volume «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries» published in 1992. The main focus of this volume is the exploration of linguistic standards in non-dominant varieties and the discovery of the ways in which different language communities of non-dominant varieties reconcile their wish to express their national, social and personal identity via language with their desire to adhere to a common language. Another central focus is the way in which the norms of languages, and in particular those of non-dominant varieties of pluricentric languages, can be standardized or how given standards can be changed. The papers show that the state of standardization in pluricentric languages may differ strongly from language to language and also differ between varieties of the same language.
El libro conmemora el vigésimo aniversario del influyente volumen publicado por Michael Clyne en 1992, «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries». El objetivo principal consiste en «explorar estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes» e indagar cómo las diferentes comunidades lingüísticas reconcilian la pretensión de expresar su propia identidad nacional, social y personal a través del lenguaje con su mismo deseo de adherencia a una lengua común. Otra cuestión central atiende a la manera en que las normas lingüísticas y, en particular, las normas de las variedades lingüísticas de lenguas pluricéntricas pueden convertirse en estándares o cómo los estándares establecidos pueden ser modificados. Los diversos artículos muestran que la situación y el grado de estandarización en las diversas lenguas pluricéntricas pueden diferir en gran manera entre las distintas lenguas y entre variedades diferentes de una misma lengua.

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Timea MOLNÁR and Máté HUBER: Hungarian in Canada: A macro-sociolinguistic analysis

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In: Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre, Carmen Fernández Juncal, Klaus Zimmermann, Emilio Prieto, Natividad Hernández (eds.) (2013): Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages / Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de len- guas pluricéntricas. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 303-318. We wish to thank Anna Fenyvesi (Szeged), for her useful and constructive recommenda- tions for this paper. Timea MOLNÁR and Máté HUBER (University of Szeged, Hungary) timke.molnar@gmail.com; hubermate@gmail.com Hungarian in Canada: A macro-sociolinguistic analysis Abstract The present study focuses on two Canadian-Hungarian communities, pro- viding a macro-sociolinguistic analysis of their language use. First, we briefly describe Hungarian as a pluricentric language and its presence in Canada. Second, a macro-sociolinguistic description of the communities is given, focusing on five topics: (1) the source of acquisition of Hungarian, (2) the choice of language in the private and public spheres, (3) speakers’ self- evaluation of language competence, (4) their regional and national attach- ment, and (5) the prestige of Hungarian in the community and attitudes towards the various varieties of Hungarian. Our results show that in spite of the desire to maintain the heritage language, a shift to the majority lan- guage can be observed through loss of domains of heritage language use among second- and third-generation speakers. Finally, our results are com- pared to available data on similar studies carried out in other Hungarian- speaking areas, thus providing opportunity for comparison of non- dominant varieties of...

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