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Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages- Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas

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Edited By Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre and Carmen Fernández Juncal

This volume commemorates the 20 th anniversary of Michael Clyne’s seminal volume «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries» published in 1992. The main focus of this volume is the exploration of linguistic standards in non-dominant varieties and the discovery of the ways in which different language communities of non-dominant varieties reconcile their wish to express their national, social and personal identity via language with their desire to adhere to a common language. Another central focus is the way in which the norms of languages, and in particular those of non-dominant varieties of pluricentric languages, can be standardized or how given standards can be changed. The papers show that the state of standardization in pluricentric languages may differ strongly from language to language and also differ between varieties of the same language.
El libro conmemora el vigésimo aniversario del influyente volumen publicado por Michael Clyne en 1992, «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries». El objetivo principal consiste en «explorar estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes» e indagar cómo las diferentes comunidades lingüísticas reconcilian la pretensión de expresar su propia identidad nacional, social y personal a través del lenguaje con su mismo deseo de adherencia a una lengua común. Otra cuestión central atiende a la manera en que las normas lingüísticas y, en particular, las normas de las variedades lingüísticas de lenguas pluricéntricas pueden convertirse en estándares o cómo los estándares establecidos pueden ser modificados. Los diversos artículos muestran que la situación y el grado de estandarización en las diversas lenguas pluricéntricas pueden diferir en gran manera entre las distintas lenguas y entre variedades diferentes de una misma lengua.

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Corey MILLER, Rachel STRONG, Evan JONES and Mark VINSON: Reflections on Dari linguistic identity through toponyms

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In: Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre, Carmen Fernández Juncal, Klaus Zimmermann, Emilio Prieto, Natividad Hernández (eds.) (2013): Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages / Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de len- guas pluricéntricas. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 319-330. Corey MILLER, Rachel STRONG, Evan JONES and Mark VINSON (University of Maryland, USA) cmiller6@umd.edu Reflections on Dari linguistic identity through toponyms Abstract This paper builds on the work of Spooner (2012), which discusses the plu- ricentric properties of Persian, by investigating a non-dominant variety, Dari, which is spoken in Afghanistan. We provide a linguistic history of Af- ghanistan over the last three centuries, focusing on its two major lan- guages, Dari and Pashto. We then explore these languages from a phonetic perspective, noting features that they share in contrast to the dominant variety of Persian, spoken in Iran. To explain this concept, we posit the no- tion of “national features”, analogous to areal features, but circumscribed by the multilingual nation state. 1. Introduction This paper seeks to situate the Persian language within Afghanistan (known as Dari) and to discuss the competing pressures on it as a non-dominant variety of Persian, both from the dominant variety spoken in Iran (known as Farsi) and from the related language Pashto, with which it shares official status in Afghanistan. We engaged in fieldwork with Afghans living in the United States, both native speakers of Dari and of Pashto, from a variety...

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