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Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages- Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas

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Edited By Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre and Carmen Fernández Juncal

This volume commemorates the 20 th anniversary of Michael Clyne’s seminal volume «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries» published in 1992. The main focus of this volume is the exploration of linguistic standards in non-dominant varieties and the discovery of the ways in which different language communities of non-dominant varieties reconcile their wish to express their national, social and personal identity via language with their desire to adhere to a common language. Another central focus is the way in which the norms of languages, and in particular those of non-dominant varieties of pluricentric languages, can be standardized or how given standards can be changed. The papers show that the state of standardization in pluricentric languages may differ strongly from language to language and also differ between varieties of the same language.
El libro conmemora el vigésimo aniversario del influyente volumen publicado por Michael Clyne en 1992, «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries». El objetivo principal consiste en «explorar estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes» e indagar cómo las diferentes comunidades lingüísticas reconcilian la pretensión de expresar su propia identidad nacional, social y personal a través del lenguaje con su mismo deseo de adherencia a una lengua común. Otra cuestión central atiende a la manera en que las normas lingüísticas y, en particular, las normas de las variedades lingüísticas de lenguas pluricéntricas pueden convertirse en estándares o cómo los estándares establecidos pueden ser modificados. Los diversos artículos muestran que la situación y el grado de estandarización en las diversas lenguas pluricéntricas pueden diferir en gran manera entre las distintas lenguas y entre variedades diferentes de una misma lengua.

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Carla AMORÓS NEGRE / Emilio PRIETO: Los estándares del español:de la sintaxis al discurso

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In: Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre, Carmen Fernández Juncal, Klaus Zimmermann, Emilio Prieto, Natividad Hernández (eds.) (2013): Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages / Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 377-390. Carla AMORÓS NEGRE / Emilio PRIETO (University of Salamanca, Spain) carlita@usal.es / eprieto@usal.es Los estándares del español: de la sintaxis al discurso Abstract According to Stewart (1968) and Clyne (1992), the notion of pluricentric language is tightly linked to the idea that different varieties of the same language are distant enough so as to consider the existence of multiple standards. This linguistic distance (Abstand) implies divergences that are no doubt more or less prominent on account of a complex set of sociolinguistic, pragmatic and discursive variables. The relations that exist amongst the different standards of the same language are often asymmetric, which has led linguists like Muhr (2012) to draw a distinction between dominant varieties and non-dominant ones. Whilst the former are powerful, traditionally legitimatized and explicitly codified, the latter show a lower grade of normativization and linguistic normalization. In the light of this, standard varieties of Spanish, either dominant or non-dominant, ought to be defined according to parametres that go beyond the sentence boundaries of traditional codified or prescribed varieties. The difference, therefore, between standard and non-standard varieties of Spanish in terms of sentence building might lie in those issues that have to...

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