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Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages- Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas

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Edited By Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre and Carmen Fernández Juncal

This volume commemorates the 20 th anniversary of Michael Clyne’s seminal volume «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries» published in 1992. The main focus of this volume is the exploration of linguistic standards in non-dominant varieties and the discovery of the ways in which different language communities of non-dominant varieties reconcile their wish to express their national, social and personal identity via language with their desire to adhere to a common language. Another central focus is the way in which the norms of languages, and in particular those of non-dominant varieties of pluricentric languages, can be standardized or how given standards can be changed. The papers show that the state of standardization in pluricentric languages may differ strongly from language to language and also differ between varieties of the same language.
El libro conmemora el vigésimo aniversario del influyente volumen publicado por Michael Clyne en 1992, «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries». El objetivo principal consiste en «explorar estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes» e indagar cómo las diferentes comunidades lingüísticas reconcilian la pretensión de expresar su propia identidad nacional, social y personal a través del lenguaje con su mismo deseo de adherencia a una lengua común. Otra cuestión central atiende a la manera en que las normas lingüísticas y, en particular, las normas de las variedades lingüísticas de lenguas pluricéntricas pueden convertirse en estándares o cómo los estándares establecidos pueden ser modificados. Los diversos artículos muestran que la situación y el grado de estandarización en las diversas lenguas pluricéntricas pueden diferir en gran manera entre las distintas lenguas y entre variedades diferentes de una misma lengua.

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Juan A. THOMAS: Watching the development of US Spanish – Data from a small, upstate city in New York

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In: Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre, Carmen Fernández Juncal, Klaus Zimmermann, Emilio Prieto, Natividad Hernández (eds.) (2013): Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages / Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 457-470. Juan A. THOMAS (Utica College, Utica, NY, USA) juantomas329@yahoo.com Watching the development of US Spanish – Data from a small, upstate city in New York Abstract Even though the United States is not a norm-setting center for Spanish, the long uninterrupted presence of the language since the Spanish colonizers, the increasing Hispanic population and the use that Spanish finds in the news media and film industry highlight the need to describe this variety. Spanish in the U.S. has been studied in large metropolitan areas, but the 2010 census indicates that the Hispanic population’s fastest relative growth is in rural areas and small cities, such as Utica, NY. This study describes the code-switching behavior, subject pronoun use and nominal possession in Utica Spanish. The results are contrasted with those from other Spanish- speaking communities in the U.S. The Utica data help to show that this city's Spanish is not an isolated migrant variety, but rather shares linguistic parameters with other U.S. Spanish varieties, thus showing the existence of U.S Spanish. These parameters do not constitute a prescriptive standard but suggest the emergence of a common oral model, which can acquire the status of standard. 1. Introduction Spanish is a pluricentric...

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