Periodical Essay – Feuilles volantes – Moralische Wochenschriften – Fogli moralistici – Prensa moral
Edited By Klaus-Dieter Ertler, Alexis Lévrier and Michaela Fischer
Ce livre contient des contributions en français, allemand, italien, espagnol et anglais.
« SPECTATEURS » ANGLOPHONES
A Stranger’s Strength – The Spectator in the crowd Amélie Junqua (Amiens) The British Spectator had a short life span – published from 1711 to 1714, it was discontinued for a year and a half in 1712 (March 1, 1711 to De- cember 6, 1712-June 18 to August 23, 1714). Yet its impact was, and remains immense. Following its success in the British Isles, the Spectator reached the New World as well as all the main cultural capitals of the Old, whether in its authentic or adapted form, and continued to be read well into the 19th century. When one ponders on such a discrepancy, one may view the Spectator as a periodical exemplifying excellence both as a com- mercial venture and as a medium of communication, a model of efficien- cy, adaptability and persuasion. In the space of three years, the Spectator developed into a literary canon, a brand name and a prototype for other “Spectators” to come – the various transformations of the spectatorial essay in Europe. The Spectator, for two centuries, came to be known as an epitome of good taste, a by-word of sober analysis tempered with polite amusement – a moral and aesthetic arbiter for its readers. And to a certain degree it may be said to have kept this reputation today. Re-interpreted in the 1960s by academics and literary critics – with Peter Smithers’ biography of Addison and Donald F. Bond’s edition of the Spectator –, the periodical, after a period of disfavour, is now read as a set...
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