Proceedings of FDSL 9, Göttingen 2011
Mojmír Dočekal: What Do We Count With Numerals? Semantic Analysis of Czech Kind-denoting and Group-denoting NPs
What Do We Count With Numerals? Semantic Analysis of Czech Kind-denoting and Group-denoting NPs* Mojmír Dočekal Masaryk University, Brno Abstract I show how distinct derivational suffixes change the meaning of the numerals which they combine with. I describe four classes of Czech numerals and their inner semantic make-up. The analysis uses formal semantic frameworks of Landman (2000) and Chierchia (1998). 1 Introduction This paper provides evidence that Czech derivational morphology displays two type shifting operators – the group-forming and the kind-forming operator – postulated in the plurality (Landman 2000, a.o.) and kind-oriented semantic frameworks (Chierchia 1998, a.o.). The crucial piece of evidence comes from derivational morphology processes in Czech, namely from numeral classes. 2 Data Czech has a productive system of semantically driven derivational morphology for numerals. In this paper I examine four classes of Czech numerals: (i) basic numerals (e.g., dv-a klíče ‘two keys’ – morphological formation: root-inflectional_marker (case, gender agreement with the head noun)), (ii) numerals with the suffix -e (e.g., dv-oj-e klíče ‘two bunches of keys’ – morphological formation: [root+non cardinal stem+derivational suffix] (case, gender agreement with head noun)), (iii) numerals with the suffix -ice (e.g., dv-oj-ice mužů ‘a group of two men’ – morphologically composed of: root+non cardinal stem + derivational_suffix (without agreement with head noun)) and (iv) numerals with the suffix -í (e.g., dv-oj-í housle ‘two kinds of violin’ – morphologically composed of: root-non_cardinal_stem-derivational_suffix (case, gender agreement with head noun)). * I would like to thank especially two anonymous reviewers, Jakub Dotlačil...
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