Proceedings of FDSL 9, Göttingen 2011
Edited By Uwe Junghanns, Dorothee Fehrmann, Denisa Lenertová and Hagen Pitsch
Hana Strachoňová: Semantic Compatibility of Two Czech Temporal Adjuncts
Semantic Compatibility of Two Czech Temporal Adjuncts∗ Hana Strachoňová Masaryk University, Brno Abstract This paper shows that the negative polarity analysis of Czech temporal adjuncts -TAs (až do ‘until’ + NP_GEN and nejméně ‘at least’ + NP_ACC) is wrong. I provide a new approach and I claim that TAs are subject to the homogeneity requirement for the predicate: only homogeneous predicates allow TAs. I support my hypothesis by classified data from the Czech National Corpus. 1 Introduction This paper provides a semantic analysis of the distribution of two Czech temporal adjuncts (TAs). It focuses on až do ‘until’ + NP_GEN and nejméně ‘at least’ + NP_ACC as illustrated in (1).1 The basic data contrast observed is the following: TAs can be combined with negated perfective predicates – (1), while their use in sentences with non-negated perfective predicates leads to ungrammaticality as in (2). (1) Petr ne-usnul až do rána / nejméně hodinu. Petr neg-fell.asleep.pf.sg prt2 until morning.gen at.least hour.acc ‘Petr didn’t fall asleep until morning / for at least one hour.’ (2) Petr usnul (*až do rána / *nejméně hodinu). Petr fell.asleep.pf.sg prt until morning at.least hour ‘Petr fell asleep.’ (TAs ‘until morning’ / ‘for at least one hour’ impossible) Some researches have argued that the contrast for Slavic languages can be explained by the negative polarity nature of TAs: TAs behave as negative polarity items (NPIs), that is why their use in sentences with non-negated ∗ I would like...
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