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The Soviet Union and the United States

Rivals of the Twentieth Century: Coexistance and Competition

Edited By Eva-Maria Stolberg

The Soviet Union and the United States were involved in a complicate interplay of ideological, political, social and cultural factors, which wavered between open rivalry and cautious cooperation. Their relationship was fluctuating. Antagonism was accompanied with developing convergence. The main issue of this anthology is to discuss the attractiveness of polarity. Differing from Europe as well as from other parts of the world, both powers were provided with their history to expand their frontiers in the 19 th century. Territorial expansion and the discovery of new ideas and ideologies laid the foundation for their geopolitical hegemony in the 20 th century. International authoritative scholars from the United States, Switzerland and Germany give fresh insights in a new understanding of 20 th -century geopolitics.

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Lisa K. Walker: Bridging the Gap: Unseen Enemies and Emerging Infections in the Soviet Union and the United States Before the Advent of the Cold War

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191 Lisa K. Walker Bridging the Gap: Unseen Enemies and Emerging Infections in the Soviet Union and the United States Before the Advent of the Cold War1 The U.S. and the USSR stood as rival superpowers for a significant portion of the twentieth century. The Cold War itself lasted only a scant half century, but the tense and oppositional relationship of these two superpowers as it played out on the world stage put a distinctive stamp on that century. In fact, although their overt rivalry tends to be associated explicitly with the international politics of the Cold War, it has not been easy or automatic to rid relations between the U.S. and the Russian Federation, the Soviet Union’s successor in foreign relations, of their tension in the presumed aftermath of the Cold War. Looking backward, even in the early years of the twentieth century, the United States and first the Russian Empire, subsequently Soviet Russia and the USSR, faced one another uneasily astride the nineteenth century’s political nucleus of Europe: growing world powers with notably different political and social systems.2 How can biomedicine and questions of public health help to shed light on the characteristics of Soviet or American society that may have contributed to this long-term relationship? The tension that penetrated international relations can be found in the activities of international organizations that were formed to navigate the complex postwar, Cold War setting. In the World Health Organization (WHO), as elsewhere, the Soviet Union and the United States stood...

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