Applied Linguistics Today: Research and Perspectives - Angewandte Linguistik heute: Forschung und Perspektiven
Proceedings from the CALS conference 2011 - Beiträge von der KGAL-Konferenz 2011
Dieser Band enthält 15 Beiträge von 24 Sprachwissenschaftlern aus sieben europäischen Ländern. In den Beiträgen werden die neueren Forschungsergebnisse auf dem Gebiet der Angewandten Linguistik veröffentlicht, in denen es unter anderem um die Themen Fachkommunikation, Fremdsprachenlernen und Terminologiefragen geht.
Jelena Mihaljević Djigunović, Lucilla Lopriore: Aural comprehension in young learners’ FL development
Original scientific paper Aural comprehension in young learners’ FL development Jelena Mihaljević Djigunović, Lucilla Lopriore Abstract While research on listening as a FL skill has traditionally been product-oriented, recent stud- ies have investigated aural comprehension processes in FL learning in terms of constructing and communicating meaning. In early FL learning listening provides the basic input for liter- acy development: it is through oral language that the foundation for learning a new language is established. This contribution describes a longitudinal study on the development of aural comprehen- sion skills in English as a FL of Croatian and Italian young learners. The authors hypothesised that early aural development would be characterised by individual learner differences and by contextual differences. The sample included 361 learners who were followed for four years. Each year participants’ aural comprehension was measured by listening tasks of increasing linguistic and cognitive complexity. The tasks required learners to identify specific words, comprehend language chunks and relate them to a communicative context illustrated in sets of pictures. Listening tasks results were considered against learner perception of task difficulty and what helped or hindered their comprehension, and against their attitudes to teaching, mo- tivation for learning, linguistic self-concept as well as out-of-school exposure to English. Findings support the starting hypothesis: early aural development is associated with individ- ual and contextual differences. Key words: aural comprehension; learner factors; contextual factors. 1. Introduction Approaches to listening as a language skill changed quite drastically throughout the history of language teaching (Mendelsohn 1998). After being...
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