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The Legal Duel: The TRIPS Agreement and Drug Access Issues

Is the Agreement Actually the Cunning Manoeuvre it has been Dubbed?

Series:

Brenda Mey

This thesis discusses the flexibilities built into the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights that are relevant for ensuring access to and availability of new medicines for the treatment of life-threatening diseases. Using Kenyan and Indian patent laws as case studies, the thesis examines the experience these countries have had in making use of the flexibilities. The thesis concludes that besides the TRIPS flexibilities, the resolution of the problem of access to medicines requires a concrete and a potent mix of country specific non-IP strategies. To test the hypotheses advanced in it, the thesis applies descriptive, qualitative and quantitative methodologies as well as interpretive analysis of court cases.

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Articles Abbott, M.F. 1998 “The Enduring Enigma of TRIPS: A Challenge for the Word Economic System”, Journal of International Economic Law, 1(4), 497-521. 2002 “The TRIPS Agreement, Access to Medicines, and the WTO Doha Ministerial Conference”, The Journal of World Intellectual Property, 5(1), 16-52. 2005 “The WTO Medicines Decision: World Pharmaceutical Trade and the Protection of Public Health”, American Journal of International Law, 99(2), 317-58. Abbott, M.F. and Reichman, H.J. 2007a “The Doha Round’s Public Health Legacy: Strategies for the Production and Diffusion of Patented Medicines under the Amended TRIPS Provisions”, Journal of In- ternational Economic Law, 10(4), 921-87. Abbott, M.F. 2009 “Seizure of Generic Pharmaceuticals in-Transit Based on Allegations of Patent Infringement: A Threat to In- ternational Trade, Development and Public Welfare”, WIPO Journal Issue 1, 103-42. Aden, M. 2008 “WTO-Börse für befristete Patente an lebenswichtige Medikamenten”, Zeitschrift für Rechtspolitik, 41(5) 153-56. Adusei, P. 2011 “Exploiting Patent Regulatory Flexibilities” to Promote Access to Antiretroviral Medicines in Sub-Saharan Africa”, The Journal of World Intellectual Property, 14(1), 1-20. xlii Albert, F. and Heath, C. 1997 “Dyed but not Exhausted: Parallel Imports and Trade- marks in Germany”, IIC, 28(1), 24-33. Ammann, M.J. 1999 “Intellectual Property Rights and Parallel Imports”, Legal Issues of Economic Integration, 26, 91-122. Anderson, T. 2008 “India Considers Compulsory Licences For Exportation Of Drugs”, Intellectual Property Watch. Available at: [accessed June 2009]. Abramowicz, M. 2003 “Perfecting Patent Prizes”, Vanderbilt Law Review, 56, 114-236. Adi, G. 2003 “Compulsory Licensing to...

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