Toward a Contrastive Cognitive Semantic Model
Chapter 1: The framework of Cognitive Linguistics
14 Introduction offered in the previous chapter. Importantly, a broad formulation of constraints is advocated, whereby they include parameters like text type or audience profile, which entails that they need not be viewed solely as encumbrances. Instead, constraints could be treated as considerations that guide the translator’s decision-making process by narrowing the scope of acceptable renditions. The chapter is concluded with an overview of two approaches to translation procedures that make use of the concepts from Cognitive Linguistics. That will serve as a harbinger of the discussion of subtitling techniques as analysed through the lens of that model. The central objective of the final chapter is presenting a study of English-to- Polish subtitling to argue that the constructs of Cognitive Linguistics are well- suited for cross-linguistic investigations in the context of Audiovisual Translation Studies. The data analysis will serve to postulate that with the use of an inductive, primarily product-oriented1 and construal-based approach patterns emerge which can be located in three categories of translation shifts. In terms of the chapter’s structure, first introductory remarks on the data are given, followed by a discussion of the unit of translation as a concept directly relevant for the argument. The discussion of how meaning is constructed and reconstructed is divided into three major sections corresponding to categories of reconfiguration, preceded by a brief explanation of how the discussion is organised. 1 Nonetheless, the discussion might also be process-oriented when the translator’s decision-making is theorised on. Chapter 1 The framework of Cognitive Linguistics 1.1....
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