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When Justice Meets Politics

Independence and Autonomy of "Ad Hoc International</I> Criminal Tribunals

Series:

Klaus Bachmann, Thomas Sparrow-Botero and Peter Lambertz

Are the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) independent actors, who mete out fair and un-biased justice, or instruments of a new world order, which execute the will of the most powerful states? By applying process tracing and frame analysis, this book reveals the interplay between the power politics of states, the agenda setting power of international criminal tribunals and the scope of the autonomy which the tribunals, the prosecutors and judges enjoy – and how they make use of it. The book details the mechanisms that govern judicial behaviour at the ICTY and the ICTR as well as the influence of the media, non-governmental organisations, governments and international organisations on judges and prosecutors. Last but not least, it shows why and how initially controversial frames like those about the «genocide in Srebrenica» and «the Rwandan genocide» became almost undisputed notions which are hardly challenged by anyone today.

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Index of Names

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(Includes only names, which show up in the main text, excluding case labels) Adam, Bo 243 Akayesu, Jean-Paul 127–128, 182, 184, 187, 189–197, 199, 266, 272, 275–278 Al-Bashir, Omar Hassan Ahmad 315 Albright, Madeleine 48, 244, 253, 324, 354 Annan, Kofi 165, 218, 219, 312 Arbour, Louise 38, 50, 53, 54, 124, 171, 187, 189, 191–192, 229, 253, 254, 278, 279, 281, Ashton, Catherine 93 Aspegren, Lennart 269, 281 Assefa, Hizkias 294 Assmann, Aleida 295, 301 Assmann, Jan 295 Babi, Milan 76, 346, 360–363, 365 Baccard, Eric 274 Bacon, Francis 301 Balkenende, Wim Peter 207 Banovi, Predrag 346 Banovi, Ranko 346 Barayagwiza, Jean Bosco 118–119, 276, 331, 332 Bagosora, Théoneste 125, 126, 141, 142, 158, 161, 162, 170, 172–174, 176– 179, 272, 274–277, Barroso, José Manuel 84 Bar-Tal, Daniel 292 Bassiouni, Mahmoud Cherif 49 Bell, Martin 225 Bisengimana, Paul 328–329, 330 Blagojevi, Vidoje 343–345, 368 Blaki, Tihomir 51 Bloomfield, David 304, 317–318 Boraine, Alex 354, 357 Bourdieu, Pierre 298–300 Boutros-Ghali, Boutros 164, 165, 289 Bowen, Jeremy 265 Bralo, Miroslav 346, 365, 367 Brammertz, Serge 55, 74, 83, 84, 90–96, 380, 387 Brandt, Willy 312 Brecke, Peter 292, 296, 311, 312, 313, 330 Brounéus, Karen 294, 296 Bruguière, Jean-Louis 179 Buja, Shukri 250 Bush, George W. 53, 118 Bushnell, Prudence 159 Butler, Richard 238, 274 Caddick-Adams, Patrick 274 Cassese, Antonio 341 Chatelot, Christophe 247–248 Chirac, Jacques 53–54, 129 Churchill, Winston 304, 378 Clarke,...

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