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Movements and Ideas of the Extreme Right in Europe

Positions and Continuities

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Nicola Kristin Karcher and Anders G. Kjostvedt

The term «extreme right», despite an agreed upon definition, continues to be in common usage, and is frequently employed in political discourse, in the media, and in academic debates. This volume presents a broad range of movements, political parties and persons, all of them representing positions and continuities within the framework of the extreme right in the space of a century. The contributions all bring new knowledge and perspectives, and give an insight into current research in a number of fields, ranging from the end of the First World War to the first decades of the 21st century.

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Continuities within Germany’s “National Opposition” - From the Deutsche Reichspartei to the Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands, 1949-2010 (Gideon Botsch)

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Continuities within Germany’s “National Opposition” From the Deutsche Reichspartei to the Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands, 1949-2010∗ Gideon Botsch Introduction Looking at the extreme right in Germany from a historical perspective, we see a picture of apparent discontinuity and cyclical developments:1 Phases of unprece- dented popular success and dramatic “chains of events”2 alternate with the rapid decline and extensive disintegration of extreme right-wing organisations and net- works. Hitherto, in terms of organisation and members, the radical nationalist camp has not been able to become firmly established within the political culture of the German Federal Republic. Partly for this reason, contemporary history has all but abandoned research into the issue of continuity and the development of the ex- treme right with regard to aspects of historical heredity. General accounts of the emergence and development of the extreme right or radical nationalism in the Fed- eral Republic are mostly written on the premise of a historical cut-off point in 1989-90.3                                                                                                                 ∗ A German version of this essay has been published as “Parteipolitische Kontinuitäten der ‘Nationalen Opposition’. Von der Deutschen Reichspartei zur Nationaldemokratischen Par- tei Deutschlands”, Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft 59 (2011), 113-137. 1 See, e.g., Richard Stöss, Rechtsextremismus im Wandel (Berlin: Friedrich Ebert Foundation, 2007); Armin Pfahl-Traughber, Rechtsextremismus in der Bundesrepublik (Munich: C.H. Beck, 2000); Gideon Botsch, Die extreme Rechte in der Bundesrepublik. 1949 bis heute (Darmstadt: Wis- senschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2012). 2 See Peter Dudek and Hans-Gerd Jaschke, Entstehung und Entwicklung des Rechtsextremismus in der Bundesrepublik. Zur Tradition einer besonderen politischen...

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