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«Back in the West»

Changing Lifestyles in Transforming Societies

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Airi-Alina Allaste

This book examines the changing lifestyles in transforming societies, focusing on the interplay of lifestyle choices, social status and the society as a whole. When individuals choose their careers, mates or networks to belong to and to identify with, they are influenced by rapid technological developments, economic uncertainty and other ongoing changes in society. On the other hand, by their choices they also construct new social realities. The book addresses lifestyles and social change in connection with a wide range of issues: belonging to different movements and networks; changes in gender order, work and partner choices; changes in home cultures and ways of residing; emerging translocal belonging and cross cultural relationships; consumption choices and construction of identities. The first part of the book gives the wider context within a longer perspective and the second part is focused on specific cases of lifestyle choices.

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Continuity and change of value profiles in 1985-2008: Maaris Raudsepp, Indrek Tart, Eda Heinla

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Continuity and change of value profiles in 1985-2008 Maaris Raudsepp, Indrek Tart, Eda Heinla Introduction Recent macro-level changes in Eastern Europe have been described not only as a transition from state regulated socialism to liberal market capitalism, from au- thoritarian rule to pluralistic democracy (Kennedy 2002), from closed society into a liberal globalised world; but, as more profound civilisational change (Sztompka 1996), metaphorically described as returning to the West (Lauristin and Vihalemm 1997). The unique period of transition from one societal system to another, the destruction of a soviet system of social regulators and overtaking by another set of regulators, makes East European former socialist countries an interesting site for exploring the changing Zeitgeist and the interplay of macro- societal and subjective processes. Values are a psychosocial link between individuals and society, being an as- pect of both cultural and personality system (Schwartz 2008), functioning as generalised regulators both on the level of personal life-worlds as well as on the societal/cultural or institutional level. They orient individuals and groups to meaningful goals and to socially acceptable means of attaining these goals. In times of the collapse of the established order of things in the political and social sphere, personal values act as a source of order inside the individual (Szakolczai and Füstös 1998). According to modernisation theory, economic development, cultural change and political change go together in a coherent and predictable manner (Inglehart 1997). Changes in value priorities accompany and reflect major socio-cultural changes, therefore individual values can...

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