Views on the Relations between Research, Practice and Politics in the Sector of VET- Festschrift for Anja Heikkinen- Edited by Philipp Gonon, Lorenz Lassnigg and Manfred Wahle
Reforms in Norwegian VET and hegemonic influences from general education - Ole Johnny Olsen
117 Reforms in Norwegian VET and hegemonic influences from general education Ole Johnny Olsen As a contribution to a volume celebrating Anja Heikinnen and her lifelong in- volvement for research, teaching and intellectual engagement in the field of vo- cational education and training, I will give a short account on some aspects of the reform processes within Norwegian VET. The theme, I thrust, relates to one of her central interests of knowledge, the condition for autonomy and recogni- tion of the pedagogical field of VET. Two roads for equality in Norwegian educational politics Much of the educational politics as well as the sociology of education in Nor- way has been oriented towards, or shaped by, the concept of equality, not least since the 1950s and 60s. Two main routes have been followed to reach the goal of equality. One route has been informed by the idea of providing equal oppor- tunities for all in climbing the educational ladder. Here, the main means have been the building of schools, the extension of the years of compulsory school, scholarships, and cheap loans for university education. The second route has been based on the idea of equality through the institutional integration of differ- ent school systems and the development of one kind of school for all. At the compulsory level, this route was already established at the end of the 19th centu- ry in the model of the ‘unity school’. Since World War II, the model has been a central premise in every...
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