The Discourse of the League of Polish Families against «Others» 2001-2007
I. The Discourse of Discrimination against the Nation’s Strangers: Tools for Interpretation
The purpose of this starting chapter is to present basic concepts, methodology and analytical procedures for the discriminatory discourse on the “other.” The first section clarifies the concept of discourse and introduces the meth- odological framework appropriate for the discourse of discrimination. From among the studies of language that attest to the demand for interdisciplinary analysis, also known as the “discourse-historical approach,” I will adopt one of the crucial methods, critical discourse analysis (CDA), which combines assets from history, social psychology and sociology. Due to its euphemistic character, the discriminatory discourse requires a sensitive insight. In this respect, its lead- ing scholar, Ruth Wodak, suggests the potential of a cognitive approach that de- tects the tacitly shared knowledge behind the discourse, and encourages further cooperation with sociology. In the second section, I will conceptualize the primary actor of the discrimi- natory discourse, i.e. the “other.” Turning to the reference frame of existential phenomenology,7 the “other” will be clarified as a cognitive and power-involved figure of the “stranger,” and then juxtaposed to the ideological movement of na- tionalism. The nationalist, who is the other player of the discriminatory dis- course, will be presented as a social-phenomenological actor, who uses the “stock of knowledge” (Schütz, 1975) for the derogative categorization of the stranger for the nation. The texts produced by nationalists present their relevant choice from the Schützean stock of knowledge.8 The third section shows the procedures for the analysis of such texts, which requires an insight into the...
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