Entwicklung und Beschreibung der deutschen Sprachinseln am Anfang des 21. Jahrhunderts- The Developmental Stages and the Description of German Language Islands at the Beginning of the 21 st Century
This collection of papers contains contributions to the language island section of the First International Conference of the International Society for German Dialectology (IGDD), which took place in Marburg an der Lahn, Germany in March 2003. In addition, further contributions are included on research done in language island regions of the world. The focus of the essays is the socio-linguistic, dialectological and contact-linguistic survey of the development of German language islands across the world as registered at the beginning of the 21
Die deutsche Sprache und ihre Erscheinungsformen in Rumänien. Historische Grundlegung und aktuelle Entwicklungstendenzen
Die deutsche Sprache und ihre Erscheinungsformen in Rumänien Historische Grundlegung und aktuelle Entwicklungstendenzen Heinrich J. Dingeldein (Marburg) Due to the activities of the repressive regimes after the Second World War, the situation of the German-speaking Sprachinseln in Middle and Eastern Europe completely changed – the result being emigration and increases in dialect contact and interethnic marriages. These factors had an important impact not only on the processes of language shift, but also on changes in the variety spectrum. The article illustrates these kinds of changes using the example of the Sprachinsel of Tran- skarpatia in the very south east of Ukraine – an area which has experienced different political regimes within the past 100 years. The first part focuses on the pluriglossic situation among the German-speaking communities, where language contact took place on different levels. In the second part language shift processes are demonstrated using a three-generation-model. The German language variety of the first generation shows mostly intralingual contact phe- nomena (between standard language and basic dialect), while the language variety of the sec- ond generation is affected by interlanguage contact on the lexico-semantic, syntactic and morphological levels. However, the third generation has only one variety at its disposal, the basic dialect, which also contains language contact phenomena in all linguistic domains. In general, it can be concluded that the reduction of the polyglossic situation has led to a less complex variety system. Unfortunately, the loss of a standard variety is connected with a loss of competence in the language, and...
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