Entwicklung und Beschreibung der deutschen Sprachinseln am Anfang des 21. Jahrhunderts- The Developmental Stages and the Description of German Language Islands at the Beginning of the 21 st Century
Edited By Nina Berend and Elisabeth Knipf-Komlósi
This collection of papers contains contributions to the language island section of the First International Conference of the International Society for German Dialectology (IGDD), which took place in Marburg an der Lahn, Germany in March 2003. In addition, further contributions are included on research done in language island regions of the world. The focus of the essays is the socio-linguistic, dialectological and contact-linguistic survey of the development of German language islands across the world as registered at the beginning of the 21
Reconstructing the social networks of a nineteenth century Sprachinsel
Sandra Kipp (Melbourne, Australien) This article draws on the in-depth study of a former German Sprachinsel in rural Victoria, Australia, almost 150 years after settlement and some 50 years after language shift was com- pleted within the community. It describes the multifaceted methodology that was used to es- tablish processes of language shift both for the community as a whole and for individuals within it, and explores particularly the roles that membership of families and social networks, as well as individual orientation, may play in language use patterns. Research into Sprachinseln, or linguistic enclaves, has been undertaken from a number of different points of view and in a number of different settings. Given that increasing geographical and economic mobility naturally reduces the isola- tion that is generally associated with linguistic enclaves, such research is becom- ing increasingly ‘historical’ in nature – in the case of Australia, for instance, the phenomenon of the Sprachinsel is very much one of the nineteenth century, where it has been shown to work together with ‘early point of migration’ to promote language maintenance well into the twentieth century (Kloss 1966, Clyne 1991). Intuitively, the geographically and socially isolated nature of many Sprachinseln also makes them very suitable for examination via a theory of so- cial networks which would tie language use to group membership. While social network theory has proven to be useful in explicating both language use patterns and language itself (see, for example, Milroy 1987, Milroy and Li Wei 1995) it is clearly much...
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