Entwicklung und Beschreibung der deutschen Sprachinseln am Anfang des 21. Jahrhunderts- The Developmental Stages and the Description of German Language Islands at the Beginning of the 21 st Century
This collection of papers contains contributions to the language island section of the First International Conference of the International Society for German Dialectology (IGDD), which took place in Marburg an der Lahn, Germany in March 2003. In addition, further contributions are included on research done in language island regions of the world. The focus of the essays is the socio-linguistic, dialectological and contact-linguistic survey of the development of German language islands across the world as registered at the beginning of the 21
Südbairische Elemente in der deutschen Mundart der Hutterer
Wilfried Schabus (Wien) The Hutterian Brethren (Hutterites), Anabaptist groups in Canada and the USA having com- munity of property, consider their German-based dialects to be “Tyrolean”. Linguists today, however, agree that their language clearly shows characteristics of the dialect of Carin- thia/Austria. According to recent results of historical research (Packull 2000), the years after 1533 actually saw a marked predominance of South Tyroleans in the Moravian community of Hutterites. These new findings seem to question Rein’s (1977, 225) categorical rejection of “Tyrolean as a possible ‘early stage’ of today’s Hutterian dialect”. The significance of “Habanian” for the modern Hutterian dialect (as reconstructed by Rein 1977, 229 ff) should not be overestimated, either. When “Habanian” developed in Slovakia, the ancestors of today’s Hutterites had already left for Transylvania in 1621. After a period of severe disintegration, the group was joined by Carinthian transmigrants in 1756. As a conse- quence of this crucial demographic change the group numbered 51 Carinthians plus only 16 original Hutterites. By 1770 the community had no more than 60 members and had already moved on to the Ukraine, where it continued to be enlarged by some 40 “Habanians” from Slovakia and Transylvania (cf. Hofer 1996, 52) until 1795. Considering that there are hardly any structural traces of Transylvanian German influence, it can be assumed that the children of both the original Hutterites and those Habanian latecomers must have been quickly turned into speakers of Carinthian dialect by the highly effective Hutterian educational system; this important aspect has...
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