Preface. Ashkenazim and Sephardim. A European Perspective
Preface Ashkenazim and Sephardim. A European Perspective The second volume of the series Sprach- und Kulturkontakte in Europas Mitte. Studien zur Slawistik und Germanistik is devoted to selected aspects of the cul- ture and language of the two largest Jewish Diaspora groups – Sephardim and Ashkenazim. The editors of this volume aim at showing the latest European re- search tendencies related to both Jewish factions and the works of the Authors who have been invited to cooperate cover the analysis of subjects concerning generally understood subject matter of Central European and Eastern European Jews as well as the descendants of the Jews who were banished from the Iberian Peninsula. The Authors1 have prepared texts which analyse various aspects relat- ed to the question: historical, social and cultural, contact with non-Jewish envi- ronment, they have also described the problems of Jewish identity (as well as Ashkenazi/Sephardi), the condition of languages in both groups (Yiddish, Judeo- Spanish, Hakitía) and Jewish anthroponymy. The reflections concern various are- as of contemporary Germany, Poland, Russia, Balkan countries, Italy, the coun- tries of North Africa inhabited by both Sephardi and Ashkenazi Jews. What serves as a basis for the analyses is not only documents, manuscripts, press arti- cles, informative and literary texts but also the artefacts of material culture. The opening article of the volume written by Krinka Vidaković-Petrov (Belgrade) is related to the area of former Yugoslavia countries – where both groups of Jewish Diaspora lived – and mutual relations until World War II. The Author...
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