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Ashkenazim and Sephardim: A European Perspective

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Andrzej Katny, Izabela Olszewska and Aleksandra Twardowska

This volume is devoted to selected aspects of the culture and language of the two largest Jewish Diaspora groups, Sephardim and Ashkenazim. The authors analyze the latest European research tendencies related to both Jewish factions. Questions concern the historical, social and cultural contact with non-Jewish environment, the problems of Jewish identity, the condition of languages in both groups (Yiddish, Judeo-Spanish, Hakitía), and Jewish anthroponymy. The reflections concern various areas of contemporary Germany, Poland, Russia, the Balkan countries, Italy, the countries of North Africa inhabited by both Sephardi and Ashkenazi Jews. For the analyses, not only documents, manuscripts, press articles, and literary texts serve as a basis but also the artifacts of material culture.

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Magdalena Sitarz: Jiddische Literatur und Kultur in der deutschsprachigen Presse vom ersten Drittel des 20. Jahrhunderts

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Jiddische Literatur und Kultur in der deutschsprachigen Presse vom ersten Drittel des 20. Jahrhunderts Magdalena Sitarz Jagiellonen-Universität, Krakau Yiddish Literature and Culture in the German Press from the First Third of the 20th Century. – Since the Haskalah one observes in Germany a high degree of acculturation of German Jews and the associated progressive decline of Western Yiddish. These developments brought also a change in the attitude to Eastern Yiddish and Yiddish culture itself. At the turn of the 20th century, the Jewish national aspirations strengthened and this triggered (also in Germany) a lively discussion concerning the national culture and its role in the life of the Jewish population. Since the press shapes the public opinion and at the same time reflects what is happening in the world of readers, it seems to be important to investigate what was written and how on Yiddish culture in the German press until the thirties of the 20th century. My paper is based on an analysis of articles which were published among others in Die Welt, Die Freistatt, Ost und West and Menorah. Keywords: Jewish Press, Yiddish Literature Spätestens seit der Haskala beobachtet man in Deutschland eine weitgehende Akkulturation der deutschsprachigen Juden und den damit verbundenen fort- schreitenden Niedergang des Westjiddischen. Diese Entwicklungen bringen mit sich auch eine veränderte Einstellung zum Ostjiddischen und der jiddischen Kultur. Als dann, am Ende des 19. und am Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts, die na- tionalen jüdischen Bestrebungen verstärkt zum Wort kommen, entwickelt sich...

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