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Ashkenazim and Sephardim: A European Perspective


Edited By Andrzej Katny, Izabela Olszewska and Aleksandra Twardowska

This volume is devoted to selected aspects of the culture and language of the two largest Jewish Diaspora groups, Sephardim and Ashkenazim. The authors analyze the latest European research tendencies related to both Jewish factions. Questions concern the historical, social and cultural contact with non-Jewish environment, the problems of Jewish identity, the condition of languages in both groups (Yiddish, Judeo-Spanish, Hakitía), and Jewish anthroponymy. The reflections concern various areas of contemporary Germany, Poland, Russia, the Balkan countries, Italy, the countries of North Africa inhabited by both Sephardi and Ashkenazi Jews. For the analyses, not only documents, manuscripts, press articles, and literary texts serve as a basis but also the artifacts of material culture.


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Aleksandra Twardowska: The Characterization of Male Names among the Sephardi Jews in Sarajevo


The Characterization of Male Names among the Sephardi Jews in Sarajevo Aleksandra Twardowska Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń Abstract – The article describes naming tendencies concerning the male names of the Se- phardi Jews in Sarajevo in 1905–1941. The anthroponymic material comes from both official sources (e.g. the birth records of the Jewish community in Sarajevo) and the ones of a less official nature (e.g. Jewish weeklies). The collected names have been divided into two main groups: the names which occur separately in the sources and double names. The overview of the names embraces the issues connected with the origin of the names, their role in the Se- phardi and general Jewish naming culture and the forms which were recorded in the sources (the differentiation between full names and hypocoristic as well as diminutive forms). As far as double names are concerned, I have also made some observations about the way anthropo- nyms in a given pair are related. Keywords: Sephardi Jews, Sarajevo, Anthroponymy, Personal Names, Male Names 1. Introduction The names given to the Jews throughout the centuries raise a remarkably inter- esting, interdisciplinary question that has already been described in academic literature. The linguistic and cultural description of male and female names as well as their functions, especially among Jews who were the members of a dias- pora, has already been provided by Jeffrey Malka (2002), Alexander Beider (1992, 2001), Benzion Chaim Kaganoff (2005), Eva and Heinrich Guggenhei- mer (1996), Boris Feldblyum (1998), Mojżesz Altbauer (1958, 2002), Zofia...

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