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The Historical Background of School System and Teacher Image in Finland

Merja Paksuniemi

The purpose of the book is to identify and describe the teacher image that was inherent at the teacher training colleges in Finland during 1921 to 1945. It also points out what kind of pedagogical philosophies influenced the foundation of the Finnish school system. The book provides a historical point of view of teaching at the teacher training colleges and introduces the pedagogical methods which were used. The focus is on a teacher training college for women, located in Northern Finland, Tornio.


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9. Conclusion


In this study, as with historical studies in general, reliability is examined using source materials used during the period in question. The sources used were mostly primary sources, which are considered essential due to their reliability.335 The external criticism of sources evaluates the authen- ticity of the material used. The large amount of historic material used in this study is genuine and authentic.336 The study examined Finnish teacher training in light of the teacher image, focusing on student admission, what learning materials were emphasised, and various extra-curricular activi- ties organised by the college. The study has discovered and presented new information not only concerning the formation and change of the teacher image over a period of 20 years, but also regarding the activities of the Finnish teacher training college from a historical perspective. This research points out what kind of educational philosophies influ- enced to the foundation of the Finnish school system in 19th century. At the same time it refines the process where the national school system devel- oped to be a school for the whole nation. Uno Cygnaeus was the instructor of the Finnish school system he underlined the pestalozzian way to educate the citizens as individuals. J.V. Snellman was also involved in the process of designing the school. He emphasized intellectual education that was based on discipline and order. The development of public education was influenced by these two factors: discipline and order. In the early years of the Finnish school system there was not a clear...

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