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The Historical Background of School System and Teacher Image in Finland

Merja Paksuniemi

The purpose of the book is to identify and describe the teacher image that was inherent at the teacher training colleges in Finland during 1921 to 1945. It also points out what kind of pedagogical philosophies influenced the foundation of the Finnish school system. The book provides a historical point of view of teaching at the teacher training colleges and introduces the pedagogical methods which were used. The focus is on a teacher training college for women, located in Northern Finland, Tornio.


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Archival sources OMA, TSeA [Provincial Archives of Oulu, Archives of the College of Tornio]. Ae:2, Luokkapäiväkirjat 1922–1923 [Classroom diaries]. Ae:19, Luokkapäiväkirjat 1929–1930 [Classroom diaries]. Ae:28, Luokkapäiväkirjat 1944–1945 [Classroom diaries]. Ba:1, Viran ja toimenhaltijoiden nimikirjat 1921–1935 [The personal files of officials and employees]. Bb:1, Oppilaiden nimikirjat 1921–1962 [Registers of the students]. Ca:1, Opettajakunnankokousten pöytäkirjat 1921–1928 [The proceedings of teachers’meetings]. Ca:2, Opettajakunnankokousten pöytäkirjat 1928–1936 [The proceedings of teachers’meetings]. Ca:3, Opettajakunnankokousten pöytäkirjat 1936–1945 [The proceedings of teachers’meetings]. Ca:4, Opettajankokousten pöytäkirjat 1945–1950 [The proceedings of teachers’meetings]. Cow Book 2 [Lehmäkirja 2]. Da:1, Kirjetoisteet 1921–1928 [Copies of letters]. Da:2, Kirjetoisteet 1929–1940 [Copies of letters]. Dd:1, Opetussuunnitelmat 1921–1946 [Curricula]. Dd:3, Harjoituskoulun opetussuunnitelmat 1922–1941 [Training school curricula]. De:4, Opetusharjoitteluvuorojen listat 1923–1970 [Teaching practise lists]. Ee:21, Oppilaiksi hyväksyttyjen hakemukset 1938 [Applications of admit- ted students]. Ia, Valokuvat [Pictures]. 92 Ja:2, Toverikunnan pöytäkirjat 1922–1935 [The Minutes of the Fellow corps]. Ja:3, Toverikunnan pöytäkirjat 1935–1940 [The Minutes of the Fellow corps]. Ja:14, Toverikunnan säännöt 1922–1960 [The rules of the Fellow Corps]. Jb:6, Kristillisen yhdistyksen toimintakertomus 1928–1969 [The Report of the Christian Association]. Acts, decrees and reports Act on Compulsory Education [Oppivelvollisuuslaki] 1921. College Committee Report [Seminaarikomiteanmietintö] 1922. Decree on Primary Education...

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