The Power of Agoral Gatherings
Edited By Adam Biela
The analyses conducted in this collective monograph allow us to reformulate Moscovici’s statement that the 20th century was the age of crowds and masses – into the statement that the 20th century was the age of crowds and masses in- deed, but also the age of agoral gatherings. I hope that this statement as refor- mulated above has been proved sufficiently in this monograph. The historical truth is that the political face of Central and Eastern Europe in the first half of the 20th century was created by two totalitarian systems which for a short time dominated as alien, but then after the Second World War, when Europe was divided into two permanently antagonistic military alliances (i.e. the Warsaw Pact and NATO), became a seemingly permanent stand-off also called the cold war. A spectacular example of this new shape of Europe was the divi- sion of the capital of Germany itself into four primary sectors, and finally, into two parts: East and West Berlin, separated by the Berlin Wall. This monograph tried to answer some intriguing questions such as: 1. Why did the communist system disappear in Europe during the last two dec- ades of the 20th century? 2. What were the factors which determined the collapse of the main military, political, social, economic and symbolic infrastructures of the communist system in Europe? 3. Why was the end of communism in Europe a peaceful phenomenon, except in the Balkan Peninsula, i.e. in former Yugoslavia? 4. Was this kind of phenomenon easily...
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