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The Reconfiguration of a Latecomer Innovation System

Governing Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Innovation in South Korea

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Dirk Johann

The book examines the evolving governance of pharmaceutical biotechnology in South Korea in order to derive conclusions about the dynamics of a latecomer system transition. Based on an analysis of innovation activities in the biomedical sector, which is complemented by expert interviews, the research contends that the Korean post-developmental state should be geared towards coordinating the interplay of technologies, modes of organization and institutions. An integrative framework is developed to describe system change as a co-evolutionary process in which the national and sectoral dimensions intersect. The case shows that the shaping of an environment in which innovation systems can develop sectoral transformative capacity is a central aspect of latecomer innovation governance.

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8 Table o f contents 3 Governance dimensions of technological learning and innovation in biotechnology 127 3.1 The political economy of biotechnology............................................... ... 128 3.1.1 Technological and institutional-organisational co-evolution of the biotechnology sec to r......................................................... ...128 3.1.2 Governance structures and evolving state policies in biotechnology ...134 3.1.3 The political economy of biotechnology in A s ia .................... ...139 3.2 Configuring national innovation systems for the biotechnology regime 146 3.2.1 The interaction between scientific and organisational change in biotechnology and pharmaceuticals in national innovation system s...................................................................................... ...146 3.2.2 Implications for latecomer innovation system s...................... ... 151 3.3 Summary and conclusions......................................................................... 156 PART 2 4 Evolution and reform of Korea's national system of innovation . . . 159 4.1 A historical perspective on the Korean system of innovation.............. ... 160 4.1.1 Origins and development of the Korean system of industrial innovation ... 160 4.1.2 Catch-up, crisis and adaptive policies....................................... ...165 4.1.3 The reform of government-business relations............................ 170 4.2 Towards a coherent mode of science, technology and innovation policy coordination................................................................................ ...175 4.2.1 Restructuring STI policy governance....................................... ... 175 4.2.2 Remaining challenges for innovation policy coordination . . . . 180 4.3 Summary and conclusions......................................................................... 184 Table o f contents 9 5 Evolving structures and dynamics of Korea's innovation system for biotechnology 187 5.1 Evolution and status of the national system of biotechnology promotion in Korea................................................................................ .... 188 5.1.1 Brief historical review of Korean biotechnology policies . . . . 188 5.1.2 Actors and structures in policymaking and programme management ... 198 5.2 Framework conditions affecting the rate and direction of innovation in biotechnology ...208 5.2.1 Current status of biotechnology-related regulatory frameworks....................................................................................208 5.2.2...

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