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State Constitutions and Governments without Essence in Post-Independence Africa

Governance along a Failure-Success Continuum with Illustrations from Benin, Cameroon and the DRC

Joy Alemazung

This book in a diagnostic approach looks at the problems plaguing Africa, a continent rich in human and natural resources yet the poorest in the world. The main question is: what is the purpose of government in Africa? As illustrated by different empirical examples, the study argues that the creation of states and governments after colonialism was a «false start» and was not impacted by the social contract principle of men forming government to preserve the common good. The result is a leadership culture of government against the people with weak institutions in favour of strong autocratic rulers. The core of this study is a solution seeking approach with alternative political forms.

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List of Figures and Tables

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List of Figures Figure 1 The state, government and some major factors influencing them ........................................................................... 8 Figure 2 The transition route of a democratisation process ...................... 33 Figure 3 Life, liberty and property ............................................................ 42 Figure 4 Western support for tyrant rulers: (a) Mobutu ......................... 138 Figure 4 Western support for tyrant rulers: (b) Bokassa ........................ 139 List of Tables Table 1 UN HDI of selected SSA countries within the low HDI rank .... 44 Table 2 Presidents and stolen state money .............................................. 84 Table 3 Variables: aggregate of important indicators and institutional sources..................................................................... 95 Table 4 Governments’ performance: failure-success continuum ............ 96 Table 5 Statistics on how leaders leave office: coup, invasion or election? ...................................................... 113

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