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Concepts of a Culturally Guided Philosophy of Science

Contributions from Philosophy, Medicine and Science of Psychotherapy

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Edited By Fengli Lan, Friedrich G. Wallner and Andreas Schulz

From the beginning, Constructive Realism has been a culturally orientated philosophy of science by the introduction of the concept of lifeworld. This book brings together contributions from the field of philosophy, Chinese medicine and the science of psychotherapy. The authors discuss the relation of Constructive Realism and culture or rather the concept of science under the aspect of cultural dependency. Since the beginning of the new century the manifold research on Chinese Medicine offered concrete examples for a cultural dependency of science. Thereby, the book shows the rare or even unique situation that philosophy became concrete.

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In this book we have collected 14 contributions which discuss the relation of Constructive Realism to culture respectively the concept of science under the aspect of cultural dependency. Constructive Realism has been culturally orientated from the beginning by the introduction of the concept of lifeworld. Since the book “How to Deal with Science if You Care for Other Cultures” (1997) the cultural orientation of Con- structive Realism has become explicit. Since the new century the manifold research on Chinese Medicine offered concrete examples for cultural dependency of science. This research shows the rare or even unique situation that philosophy became concrete. Therefore you must not read the papers on this topic as the writing of specialists but as exem- plifications of Constructive Realism. Fengli Lan & Friedrich G. Wallner clarify the concepts of health and disease in Chinese culture based on the investigation of the etymologies of related sino- grams; reveal that Bian Zheng or Pattern Identification in Chinese Medicine originated directly from “dialectics” in 1955; discuss the nomenclature, cultural connotations and translation of disease names in Chinese medicine; and finally propose that disease diagnosis, symptoms consideration and pattern identifica- tion are functioning together as the foundations for individualized treatment in Chinese medicine. Pan Gui-juan discusses the “cultural consciousness” and the basic theory of TCM research. Kurt Greiner gives an introduction into new interpretative techniques of Therapy Schools Research called “Psycho-Text-Puzzle” and “Psycho-Bild-Prozess” (Psycho-Picture-Process). In his second contribution to the Psychotherapy Sci- ence Greiner discusses a contemporary epistemological interpretation of psy-...

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