Contributions from Philosophy, Medicine and Science of Psychotherapy
Edited By Fengli Lan, Friedrich G. Wallner and Andreas Schulz
Fengli Lan & Friedrich G. Wallner: The Nomenclature, Cultural Connotations and Translation of Disease Names in Chinese Medicine
48  Originally by [Han] Xu Shen, Annotated by [Qing] Duan Yucai. Shuo Wen Jie Zi with Annotations [Z]. Shanghai: Shanghai Guji Press, 1988.  Yin Huihe. National Textbook for TCM Higher Education·TCM Basic The- ories. Shanghai: Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers. 1st ed., 1984; fifth printing, 1988.  Zuo Min’an. Detailed Interpretation of Chinese Characters: Origin and Evolution of 1,000 Sinograms [M]. Beijing: Jiuzhou Press, 2005; 3rd printing, 2008. 49 Fengli Lan & Friedrich G. Wallner The Nomenclature, Cultural Connotations and Translation of Disease Names in Chinese Medicine Abstract: The name of a disease in Chinese medicine is generally named after its origin, chief symptom, pathogenesis, affected area, or the combination of the above four aspects. The underlying cultural connotations of disease names in Chinese medicine can be summarized into 2 points: one is self-feeling, and the other is relationship centering metaphorizing. As regards to how to translate the disease names in Chinese medicine, we hold that adopting natural equivalents can be used to translate most of the disease names named after symptoms; that literal translation should be the major approach for translating most of the specific dis- ease names so as to preserve systematicness, independence, and integrity of the theoretical system of Chinese medicine; that paraphrase can be used to translate some disease names when their meanings can be identified according to the Shuo Wen Jie Zi or The Origin of Chinese Characters, Yu Pian, and/or Zhu Bing Yuan Hou Lun or Treatise on Origins and Symptoms...
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