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Concepts of a Culturally Guided Philosophy of Science

Contributions from Philosophy, Medicine and Science of Psychotherapy


Edited By Fengli Lan, Friedrich G. Wallner and Andreas Schulz

From the beginning, Constructive Realism has been a culturally orientated philosophy of science by the introduction of the concept of lifeworld. This book brings together contributions from the field of philosophy, Chinese medicine and the science of psychotherapy. The authors discuss the relation of Constructive Realism and culture or rather the concept of science under the aspect of cultural dependency. Since the beginning of the new century the manifold research on Chinese Medicine offered concrete examples for a cultural dependency of science. Thereby, the book shows the rare or even unique situation that philosophy became concrete.


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Fengli Lan & Friedrich G. Wallner: Disease, Symptoms and Pattern: The Foundations for Individualized Treatment in Chinese Medicine


58 and aim to prevent and treat diseases, but their philosophical foundations, cul- tural backgrounds, methodologies and perspectives, etc. are entirely different from each other. For example, the disease “wind-fire eye” caused by pathogenic wind-fire should be relieved by the therapeutic method of coursing wind and clearing fire. But rendering ��� in Chinese medicine into “acute conjunctivi- tis” wipes out the association of the disease with its cause and therapeutic me- thod. That is to say, translating disease names in Chinese medicine should have an overall point of view, which, then, makes English Chinese medical termino- logy embody the same relationships between the original Chinese terms and makes them be in a harmonious state. Upon ending this paper, we have to point out that translation texts here are translations redone based on the authors’ understanding in order to illustrate our points of view, and so they are not necessarily to be the best for they are not in their original contexts. Chief References [1] Addison Wesley Longman Limited. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English[Z]. Beijing: The Commercial Press, 1998. [2] Collin, P.H. Dictionary of Medicine [Z]. Beijing: Foreign Language Tea- ching and Research Press, 2001. [3] Guo Aichun. Huang Di Nei Jing Su Wen with Collations, Annotations and Modern Chinese Interpretation [M]. Tianjin: Tianjin Science and Tech- nology Press, 1st ed. 1981; 2nd ed. 1999. [4] Newmark, Peter. Approaches to Translation [M]. Shanghai: Shanghai For- eign Language Education Press, 2001. [5] Steiner, George. After Babel---Aspects of Language and Translation [M]. Shanghai:...

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