Edited By Tadeusz Buksinski
Part III Universalism of Modernization Patterns and Particularism of Identities
Georg Lohmann, University of Magdeburg, Magdeburg Universal Human Rights and Particular Cultural Identities Abstract: The international human rights regime and the the universalism of human rights faces relativistic objections. In the paper, I will defend the universal claim of Human Rights against culture-relativistic and particularistic objections. I will base my moral substantiation of the universal claim of Human Rights upon a conception of a weak relativistic morality of equal respect and consideration. This starts, first, with a textual premise, which is culture- relative: the cultural esteem of the ability of individual, deliberate self-determination. Second, it relies upon the transcendent effect of the formal principle of impartial judgment, as a principle that generates moral universalism. Due to the fact that today we have no impartially acceptable reasons to treat human beings different with regard to their claim of being bearers of Human Rights, it follows an obligation for everyone to acknowledge every human being as having equal rights in the respective regards. In the end I discuss the tensions between Legal Universalism of Human Rights and cultural relativizations. Keywords: human rights, universalism, particularism, absolutism, cultural relativism 1. Introduction: three relativistic objections against the universalism of human rights Before coming to my actual topic, I would like to remind you of the most im- portant determinations of Human Rights. Human Rights are complex rights; on the one hand, they have a moral dimension and are, in so far, “moral rights”, on the other hand, they have to be understood as legal basic...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.