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Thinking and Acting in Military Pedagogy

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Hubert Annen, Can Nakkas and Juha Mäkinen

Military pedagogical research and teaching has made headways. There is still no internationally accepted unified field theory, but the diversity and heterogeneity of military pedagogy reflects the complexity of modern military tasks and enables the scientific debate on military ethics and morale, military education and interculturality. While political and educational developments have caught up with some of the topics addressed, changes in the military and the political and educational landscape will always necessitate this branch of academia to continuously adapt to the needs of the armed forces and their servicemen and -women. Insofar, the diverse contributions in this volume offer valuable insights into current military pedagogical thinking and acting.

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3. National Differences and Necessities in Military Pedagogy Acting and Thinking

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185 Gavril Maloş & Adriana Rîşnoveanu The Diagnosis of the Military Learning System through the SWOT Method Introduction In this paper we initiate a diagnosis of the military learning system, starting from the present realities of the Romanian military system. This attempt implies using a method of analysis, the most well-known being the SWOT (Strengths, Weak- nesses, Opportunities, Threats) method of system analysis, at present the most frequently used technique for system analyses. The first stage in this analysis is that of identifying the strong points of the military learning system in Romania, while the other aspects will be detailed in future papers. The SWOT technique starts from the assumption that, in our case, a series of internal and external factors act upon the military learning system, and these factors influence its functionality in a positive or negative manner. The four components of the SWOT technique can be defined as follows:  Strengths: the elements that are characteristic to the system that can support its development actions from the inside;  Weaknesses: the factors that destabilize the system from the inside;  Opportunities: the external factors that, by acting upon the system, deter- mine positive effects within it;  Threats: the external factors that generate dysfunctions on the level of processes and relations within the system. As far as the military learning system is concerned, the SWOT analysis can generate the following elements (Table 1): Table 1. SWOT Analysis of the Romanian Military Learning System. STRENGTHS  The accreditation of military academic learn- ing institutions...

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