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Existence, Sense and Values. Essays in Metaphysics and Phenomenology

Edited by Sebastian Tomasz Kołodziejczyk

Series:

Sebastian Kołodziejczyk

This collection of essays is about some of the most fundamental issues connected with metaphysics, theory of values and philosophy of man. In the first part of the book, the author is trying to answer questions concerning both the methodological status of metaphysics and the main subject-matter of metaphysical investigations. He convincingly argues that metaphysics is an indispensable domain of research that may help us to understand the world and what we experience in much better manner. In the next part, the author draws our attention to the problem of existence and the ways we experience it. The question on existence is definitely the central issue of this entire volume, also in the next two parts of the book where the author focuses on values, their origins and status as well as their relationship to human nature. What is particularly intriguing about this collection of essays is its unique and fruitful combination of different methodologies and traditions in one rich and persuasive picture of the most basic philosophical problems.

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Foreword

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Władysław Antoni Stróżewski (born 08.06.1933, in Krotoszyn, in west-central Poland) belongs to the most intriguing and fascinating contemporary Polish philosophers. The scope of his interests as well as the depth of his phenomenological insights into crucial philosophical problems make his ideas remarkable and truly worthy of consideration. Moreover, he seems to be successful in merging different methods of doing philosophy, putting together scholastic deductive reasoning with dialectics on the one hand, and descriptive phenomenology with linguistic analysis on the other. This attitude gives him a unique possibility to advance and deepen the main problems of philosophy through his analyses of the fundamental role of the problem of existence. Wladyslaw Stróżewski is definitely a philosopher of existence, which means that he wishes to know what the “existential dimension” of being consists in. Thus in his writings on existence he tries to elaborate on both its experiential mode (how we experience it) and its conceptual mode (ways of thinking and speaking on existence). He convincingly argues that existence has many facets and all its aspects determine our cognitive and volitional life. In addition, he shows that the problem of existence is both the starting point of philosophical inquiry and its very limit beyond which there is no discursive or positive thinking. In Stróżewski’s understanding the specificity of existence as a metaphysical issue lies in the fact that it combines at once positive and negative dimensions. Negative dimensions emerge from our experience whereas the positive dimensions lead us...

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